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Calw (district)

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Calw
Statistics
State:Baden-Württemberg
Capital:Calw
Adm. Region:Karlsruhe
Area:797.54 km²
Inhabitants:160,430 (2002)
pop. density:201 inh./km²
Car identification:CW
Homepage:http://www.landkreis-calw.de
Map
Map of Baden-Württemberg highlighting the district Calw

Calw is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Karlsruhe, Enzkreis, the district-free city Pforzheim, Böblingen, Freudenstadt and Rastatt.

Contents

History

The district was created in 1938, when the Oberamt Calw together with the neighboring Neuenbürg und Nagold were merged into a district. During the communal reform in 1973 the district at first was planned to be dissolved and its municipalities split to neighboring district. However it already had the right size and population which was planned for the newly created districts, and thus this plan was abandoned. But some changes in the outline of the districts happened - 15 municipalities of the district changed to the neighboring Enzkreis, Rastatt and Böblingen, and in return it gained 6 municipalities from the districts Freudenstadt and the dissolved district Horb.

Missing image
Calw_Marktplatz.jpg
Marketplace Calw

Geography

The district belongs to the northern part of the Black Forest mountains. The main river is the Enz.

Partnerships

Since 1991 the district has partnership with the district Freiberg in Saxony.

Coat of arms

Missing image
De_calw_coat.png
Coat of arms

The coat of arms, which is nearly identical with the coat of arms of the city Calw, show the lion of the Counts of Calw on top of three mountains. The three mountains represent the three Oberämter which were merged to form the district. The fountain in the bottom represents the springs and spas in the district.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Verwaltungsgemeinschaften Municipalities
  1. Altensteig
  2. Bad Herrenalb
  3. Bad Liebenzell
  4. Bad Teinach-Zavelstein
  5. Bad Wildbad
  6. Calw
  7. Haiterbach
  8. Nagold
  9. Neubulach
  10. Wildberg
  1. Altensteig
  2. Althengstett
  3. Bad Herrenalb
  4. Bad Liebenzell
  5. Teinachtal
  6. Calw
  7. Nagold
  8. Bad Wildbad
  1. Althengstett
  2. Dobel
  3. Ebhausen
  4. Egenhausen
  5. Enzklösterle
  6. Gechingen
  7. Höfen (Enz)
  8. Neuweiler
  9. Oberreichenbach
  10. Ostelsheim
  11. Rohrdorf
  12. Schömberg
  13. Simmersfeld
  14. Simmozheim
  15. Unterreichenbach

External links


Flag of Baden Württemberg

Rural and urban districts in Baden-Württemberg

Alb-Donau | Baden-Baden | Biberach | Bodenseekreis | Böblingen | Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald | Calw | Constance | Emmendingen | Enzkreis | Esslingen | Freiburg | Freudenstadt | Göppingen | Heidelberg | Heidenheim | Heilbronn (city) | Heilbronn (district) | Hohenlohekreis | Karlsruhe (city) | Karlsruhe (district) | Lörrach | Ludwigsburg | Main-Tauber | Mannheim | Neckar-Odenwald | Ortenaukreis | Ostalbkreis | Pforzheim | Rastatt | Ravensburg | Rems-Murr | Reutlingen | Rhein-Neckar | Rottweil | Schwarzwald-Baar | Schwäbisch Hall | Sigmaringen | Stuttgart | Tuttlingen | Tübingen | Ulm | Waldshut | Zollernalbkreis
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