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Karlsruhe

From Academic Kids

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Map of Germany showing Karlsruhe
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Coat of Arms of Karlsruhe
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Karlsruhe castle at night

Karlsruhe (population 282,595 in December 2003) is a city of Germany, in the Baden-Wrttemberg Bundesland, located near the French-German border.

Contents

Geography

The altitude above sea level of the city's area is between 100 m (on the westerly edge, toward the Rhine river) and 277.5 m (Turmberg in the east). Its geographical coordinates are: Template:Coor dm, which means that the 49th parallel (meridian) runs through the city center, its course being marked by a line of flag-stones in the Stadtgarten (city park).

Economy

Germany's biggest oil refinery lies in Karlsruhe, at the western edge of the city, right on the river Rhine.

Two well-known internet service providers are located in Karlsruhe, which has therefore been named as internet capital of Germany.

Transport

Karlsruhe is well known in transport circles around the world for pioneering the concept of operating trams on train tracks (tram-trains), to achieve a more effective and attractive public transport system. This concept makes it possible to reach the towns of Ettlingen, Pforzheim, Bad Wildbad, Bretten, Bruchsal, Heilbronn, Baden-Baden and even Freudenstadt in the Black Forest right from the city centre.

Karlsruhe is well-connected by road and rail, with Autobahn and InterCity Express connections going to Frankfurt, Stuttgart/Munich and Freiburg/Basel.

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Oil port

Two ports on the Rhine provide transport capacity on cargo ships, especially for petroleum products.

The nearest airport is the Baden Airpark or officially Flughafen Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden about 30 km (20 miles) south of Karlsruhe with regular connections to Berlin, London, Rome and Barcelona. Frankfurt International Airport and Stuttgart Airport can also be reached in about an hour by car or rail.

History

The city takes its name from Margrave Karl Wilhelm of Baden-Durlach, who founded the city in 1715 after a dispute with the citizens of his previous capital, Durlach. Karlsruhe became the capital of Baden-Durlach until 1771, thereafter the capital of Baden until 1945.

Historical population

Year Inhabitants
1790 4,500
1820 16,200
1850 25,400
1880 49,300
1900 97,400
1925 145,700
2003 282,595

(source unknown, figures unconfirmed)

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Former American school

Military

Karlsruhe has always hosted armed forces.

After World War II until 1995, Karlsruhe was a United States Army base.

Famous people

It is the birthplace of Carl Benz (1844 - 1929), inventor of the automobile and founder of Benz & Co., now part of DaimlerChrysler (formerly Daimler-Benz), as well as Karl Drais who invented the precursor of the bicycle and other transportation devices.

In the late 1880's, professor Heinrich Rudolf Hertz where he discovered electromagnetic waves at the University of Karlsruhe; today, a lecture room named after Hertz lies close by the very spot where the discovery was made.

Oliver Kahn, goalkeeper of the German national football team was also born in this city, in 1969.

Institutions

Karlsruhe is the seat of the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) and the highest Court of Appeals in civil and criminal cases, the Bundesgerichtshof. The court came to Karlsruhe when the provinces of Baden and Wrttemberg were merged. Stuttgart, capital of Wrttemberg, became the capital of the new province, and Karlsruhe was given the high court as compensation.

The Universitt Karlsruhe (TH) (University of Karlsruhe) is the oldest technical university in Germany and a well known research and study centre.

The Technologieregion Karlsruhe is a loose confederation of the region's cities in order to promote high tech industries; today, about 20% of the region's jobs are in Research and Development which gives a good basis for high tech.

In 1999 the ZKM (Zentrum fr Kunst und Medientechnologie, Centre for Art and Media) was opened. Within a short time it built up a worldwide reputation as a cultural institution. Integrated in the huge building, a former weapons factory with ten atriums, are the State Academy for Design (whose president is philosopher Peter Sloterdijk), the Museum for Contemporary Art and many institutes of the ZKM, linking new media theory and practice.

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Nancy fountain

Twinning

The town is twinned with Nancy (France), Nottingham (Britain), Krasnodar (Russia), Timisoara (also known as Temeswar) (Romania), Halle (Germany).

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Gottesau Castle (now music college)

Local attractions

Good visibility assumed, the Durlacher Turmberg to the east can be seen miles before reaching the city. It sports a look-out tower (hence its name) with nearby restaurant and can be reached by the historical Turmbergbahn (former rack railway, see link below).

The Stadtgarten is a recreational area near the Hauptbahnhof (main railway station) and was rebuilt during the Bundesgartenschau (Federal Garden Show).

The Marktplatz with the stone pyramid marking the grave of the city's founding father. (For a short period during the Nazi reign it was called Adolf-Hitler-Platz.)

The city is nicknamed Die Fächerstadt (the fan city) because of its deliberate layout, with straight streets running out fan-like from the castle. The Karlsruhe Schloß (castle buildings) is an interesting piece of architecture; the adjacent Schloßgarten invites to a walk in the woods stretching out to the north of it.

Events

It attracted an immense crowd of visitors from all directions eager to watch the total solar eclipse at noon on August 10, 1999 (this place being located within the eclipse path and one of the few within Germany not plagued by bad weather).

Every year in July there is a huge free open air festival lasting three days called Das Fest ("The Festival") (http://www.dasfest-karlsruhe.de/ (in German)).

Karlsruhe is the host of the yearly Free Software expo LinuxTag, and the Linux Audio Concerence (http://lac.zkm.de/).

External links


Flag of Baden Wrttemberg

Rural and urban districts in Baden-Wrttemberg

Alb-Donau | Baden-Baden | Biberach | Bodenseekreis | Bblingen | Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald | Calw | Constance | Emmendingen | Enzkreis | Esslingen | Freiburg | Freudenstadt | Gppingen | Heidelberg | Heidenheim | Heilbronn (city) | Heilbronn (district) | Hohenlohekreis | Karlsruhe (city) | Karlsruhe (district) | Lrrach | Ludwigsburg | Main-Tauber | Mannheim | Neckar-Odenwald | Ortenaukreis | Ostalbkreis | Pforzheim | Rastatt | Ravensburg | Rems-Murr | Reutlingen | Rhein-Neckar | Rottweil | Schwarzwald-Baar | Schwbisch Hall | Sigmaringen | Stuttgart | Tuttlingen | Tbingen | Ulm | Waldshut | Zollernalbkreis
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