From Academic Kids
1939 1940 1941 - 1942 - 1943 1944 1945
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar).
- January 1 - World War II: The word "United Nations" is first officially used to describe the Allied pact.
- January 2 - World War II: Manila is captured by Japanese forces. The Japanese Admiral stays in Solvec (owned by Charles Henry de Silva), Philippines.
- January 5 - Amy Johnson disappears in flight over River Thames estuary - assumed drowned
- January 6 - Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to have a flight go around the world.
- January 7 - World War II: Siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins
- January 11 - World War II: Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies.
- January 11 - World War II: The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur.
- January 12 - President Franklin Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board.
- January 13 - Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car
- January 19 - World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma.
- January 20 - World War II: Nazis at the Wannsee conference in Berlin decide that the "final solution to the Jewish problem" is relocation.
- January 25 - World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom
- January 26 - World War II: The first American forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
- February 9
- February 15 - World War II: Singapore surrenders to Japanese forces.
- February 19
- World War II: About 150 Japanese warplanes attack Darwin, Australia
- World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs executive order 9066 allowing the United States military to define areas as exclusionary zones. These zones affect the Japanese on the West Coast, and Germans and Italians primarily on the East Coast.
- February 20 - Lieutenant Edward O'Hare becomes America's first World War II flying ace
- February 22 - World War II: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defense of the nation collapses.
- February 23 - Japanese I-boat fires 16 high explosive shells into a Santa Barbara oil refinery, causing little damage
- February 24 - Propaganda: The Voice of America begins broadcasting.
- February 25 - Princess Elizabeth registers for war service
- February 26 - Coal dust explosion in Honkeika mine in China - 1549 dead
- February 27 - World War II: the USS Langley, the first United States aircraft carrier, is sunk by Japanese warplanes.
- April 3 - World War II: Japanese forces begin an all-out assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula. Bataan fell on April 9 and the Bataan Death March began.
- April 27 - World War II: A national plebiscite is held in Canada on the issue of conscription.
- May - first test of an undersea oil pipeline in Operation Pluto
- May 6 - World War II: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
- May 8 - World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end. This is the first time in the naval history where two enemy fleets fought without seeing each other's fleets.
- 1942 - World War II: Second Battle of Kharkov - In the eastern Ukraine, the Soviet Army initiates a major offensive. During the battle the Soviets will capture the city of Kharkov from the German Army, only to be encircled and destroyed.
- May 15 - World War II: In the United States, a bill creating the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) is signed into law.
- May 20 - First colored seamen taken into US Navy
- June 4-7 - World War II: The Battle of Midway.
- June 7 - World War II- Japanese forces invade the Aleutian Islands. This is the first invasion of American soil in 128 years.
- June 9 - World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
- June 12 - Holocaust: Future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
- June 13 - The United States opens its Office of War Information, a center for production of propaganda.
- July 1 - July 27 - World War II: the First Battle of El Alamein
- July 9 - Holocaust: Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in an attic above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
- July 13 - World War II: German U-Boats sink three more merchant ships in Gulf of St. Lawrence.
- July 16 - Holocaust: On order from the Vichy France government headed by Pierre Laval, French police officers round-up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome.
- July 18 - World War II: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jets for the first time.
- July 19 - World War II: Battle of the Atlantic - German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to an effective American convoy system.
- July 22 - Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
- August 7 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal begins - US Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with a landing on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.
- August 8 - World War II: In Washington, DC, six German would-be saboteurs are executed (two others were cooperative and received life imprisonment instead).
- August 8 - Quit India resolution was passed by the Bombay session of the AICC, which led to the start of a historical civil disobidience movement across India
- August 9 - Indian leader, Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces.
- August 13-14 night - In London instruments detect a massive burst of cosmic rays
- August 16 - Polish-Jewish teacher Janusz Korczak follows a group of Jewish children into Treblinka death camp
- August 19 - World War II: The Dieppe Raid - Allied forces raid Dieppe, France.
- August 22 - World War II: Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy.
- September 3 - Francisco Franco fires foreign minister Serano Suñerin
- September 24 - Andrée Borrel and Lise de Baissac became the first female SOE agents to be parachuted into occupied France.
- October 2 - British cruiser Curacao collides with the liner Queen Mary off the coast of Donegal and sinks - 338 drowned
- October 3 - First successful launch of A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany. The rocket flew 147 kilometres wide and reached a height of 84.5 kilometres and was therefore the first man-made object reaching space.
- October 9 - Statute of Westminster Adoption Act formalizes Australian autonomy.
- October 11 - World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance - On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
- October 16 - Hurricane and flooding in Bombay - 40.000 dead
- October 23 - November 4 - World War II: the Second Battle of El Alamein
- October 28 - The Alaska Highway is completed.
- October 29 - Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.
- November 3 - World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein ends - German forces under Erwin Rommel are forced to retreat during the night.
- November 8 - World War II: Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa.
- November 8 - World War II: French resistance Coup in Algiers, by which 400 French civil resistants neutralized the vichyist XIXth Army Corps and the vichyist generals (Juin, Darlan, etc.), so allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers, and from there in the whole French North Africa.
World War II:* November 9 - U.S serviceman Edward Leonswki hanged at Melbourne's Pentridge Prison for the "Brown-Out" Murders of three women in May
- November 10 - World War II: In violation of a 1940 armistice, Germany invades Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan agreement to an armistice with the Allies in North Africa.
- November 12 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal begins - A naval battle near Guadalcanal starts between Japanese and American forces.
- November 13 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal - Aviators from the USS Enterprise sink the Japanese heavy cruiser BB- Hiei.
- November 15 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal ends - Although the United States Navy suffered heavy losses, it was able to retain control of Guadalcanal.
- November 19 - World War II: Battle of Stalingrad - Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR's favor.
- November 21 - The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (the "highway" was not usable by general vehicles until 1943, however).
- November 22 - World War II: Battle of Stalingrad - The situation for the German attackers of Stalingrad seems desperate during the Soviet counter-attack Operation Uranus and General Friedrich von Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th army is surrounded.
- November 23 - German U-boat sinks SS Ben Lomond off the coast of Brazil. One crewman, Chinese second steward Poon Lim, is separated from the others and spends 130 days adrift until he is rescued April 3 1943
- November 28 - In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove night club kills 491 people. The large-scale German "pacification" of Zamojszczyzna begins.
- December 2 - Manhattan Project: Below the bleachers of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiate the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction (a coded message, "The Italian navigator has landed in the new world" was then sent to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt).
- December 4 - Holocaust: In Warsaw, two Christian women, Zofia Kossak and Wanda Filipowicz risk their lives by setting up the Council for the Assistance of the Jews.
- Catavi massacre - Bolivian soldiers shoot miners
- Serial killer Singing Strangler in Melbourne
- Grand Coulee Dam finished in Columbia River
- DDT first used as a pesticide
- 1942 in art
- 1942 in film
- 1942 in literature
- 1942 in music
- "White Christmas" - Bing Crosby
- 1942 in rail transport
- 1942 in sports
- 1942 in television
- January 1 - Martin Frost, U.S. politician
- January 2 - Hugh Shelton, American Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- January 3 - John Thaw, actor (d. 2002)
- January 5 - Maurizio Pollini, pianist
- January 7 - Paul Revere, singer and musician
- January 8 - Stephen Hawking, British theoretical physicist.
- January 11 - Clarence Clemens, musician (E Street Band)
- January 14 - Stig Engström, actor
- January 15 - Charo, singer, actress
- January 17 - Muhammad Ali, boxer
- January 19 - Michael Crawford, singer, actor
- January 25 - Carl Eller, American football player
- January 31 - Derek Jarman, director, writer (d. 1994)
- February 1 - Terry Jones, actor and writer
- February 2 - Graham Nash, musician
- February 5 - Roger Staubach, American football player
- February 9 - Carole King, American singer and composer
- February 11 - Leon Haywood, singer and keyboardist
- February 11 - Tony Colton, music producer
- February 11 - Otis Clay, singer
- February 12 - Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel
- February 13 - Peter Tork, musician and actor
- February 15 - Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea
- February 19 - Paul Krause, American football player
- February 20 - Phil Esposito, hockey player
- February 21 - Margarethe von Trotta, actor, film director, and writer
- February 24 - John Neumeier, choreographer
- February 24 - Joseph Lieberman, American politician
- February 28 - Brian Jones, musician (The Rolling Stones) (d. 1969)
- March 1 - Gabriel Hudon, FLQ terrorist
- March 2 - John Irving, author
- March 2 - Lou Reed, singer and guitarist
- March 4 - Charles C. Krulak, 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps
- March 5 - Felipe González Márquez, politician
- March 7 - Tammy Faye Bakker, evangelist
- March 7 - Michael Eisner, Former President of The Walt Disney Company
- March 9 - John Cale, composer, musician
- March 13 - Dave Cutler, software engineer
- March 16 - James Soong, politician
- March 17 - John Wayne Gacy, serial killer
- March 20 - Michael Alan Greene, Physician, AME
- March 23 - Walter Rodney, historian, political figure
- March 25 - Aretha Franklin, singer
- March 25 - Richard O'Brien, actor, writer
- March 26 - Erica Jong, author
- March 27 - Michael York, actor
- March 29 - Stingray Davis, musician (P-Funk)
- April 2 - Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef (Iron Chef French)
- April 3 - Marsha Mason, actress
- April 3 - Wayne Newton, singer
- April 5 - Peter Greenaway, film maker
- April 5 - Pascal Couchepin, member of the Swiss Federal Council
- April 6 - Barry Levinson, producer, director
- April 14 - Valentin Lebedev, cosmonaut
- April 26 - Bobby Rydell, singer
- May 2 - Jacques Rogge, Belgian IOC president
- May 5 - Tammy Wynette, American musician (d. 1998)
- May 7 - Gerhard Polt, cabaret artiste
- May 9 - John Ashcroft, United States Attorney General
- May 12 - Ian Dury, rock star (d. 2000)
- May 17 - Taj Mahal, singer, guitarist
- May 18 - Albert Hammond, musician, composer
- May 18 - Nobby Stiles, football player
- May 19 - Gary Kildall, computer programmer (d. 1994)
- May 22 - Theodore Kaczynski, neo-luddite terrorist
- May 22 - Calvin Simon, musician (P Funk)
- May 22 - Volker Canaris, theatre director
- May 26 - Levon Helm of The Band
- June 3 - Curtis Mayfield, African American musician (d. 1999)
- June 10 - Preston Manning, Canadian politician
- June 18 - Roger Ebert, film critic
- June 18 - Hans Vonk, conductor
- July 4 - Floyd Little, American football player
- July 4 - His Royal Highness Prince Michael of Kent
- July 7 - Carmen Duncan, soap opera actress (Another World)
- July 10 - Pyotr Klimuk, cosmonaut
- July 10 - Ronnie James Dio, singer
- July 13 - Harrison Ford, Actor/producer
- July 15 - Mil Mascaras, "The Man of a Thousand Masks"
- July 17 - Tim Brooke-Taylor, English radio and TV personality
- July 23 - Myra Hindley, English Murderess
- July 24 - Chris Sarandon, actor
- July 29 - Tony Sirico, actor
- July 31 - Robert Tools, American recipricant of the worlds first self contained artificial heart. (d.2001)
- August 1 - Jerry Garcia, American musician (d. 1995)
- August 2 - Isabel Allende, Chilean writer
- August 7 - Garrison Keillor, radio host
- August 19 - Fred Thompson, U.S. Senator, attorney, actor (Cape Fear, Law & Order)
- August 20 - Isaac Hayes, singer, actor
- August 26 - Dennis Turner, British politician
- August 28 - Sterling Morrison, American musician (d. 1995)
- September 1 - John Lange, scientist
- September 19 - Freda Payne, singer, actress
- September 29 - Madeline Kahn, American actress (d. 1999)
- September 30 - Frankie Lymon, American singer (d. 1968)
- October 11 - Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor
- October 12 - Melvin Franklin, American musician (d. 1995)
- October 13 - Jerry Jones, owner of the Dallas Cowboys
- October 19 - Andrew Vachss, author and attorney
- October 21 - Elvin Bishop, blues musician
- October 23 - Michael Crichton, author
- November 1 - Ralph Klein, Premier of Alberta
- November 5 - Harold Krents, lawyer and author
- November 8 - Angel Cordero Jr., horse racing jockey
- November 10 - Hans-Rudolf Merz, member of the Swiss Federal Council
- November 13 - John Hammond, blues singer
- November 17 - Martin Scorsese, film director
- November 27 - Henry Carr, American athlete
- November 27 - Jimi Hendrix, rock musician
- November 28 - Paul Warfield, American football Hall of Famer
- November 29 - Philippe Huttenlocher, Swiss baritone
- December 4 - Gemma Jones, British actress
- December 6 - Peter Handke, Austrian novelist
- December 7 - Peter Tomarken, American game show host
- December 9 - Dick Butkus, American football player
- December 11 - Donna Mills, actress
- December 17 - Paul Butterfield, blues musician
- December 20 - Bob Hayes, American athlete
- December 21 - Carla Thomas, singer
- December 29 - Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor
- Unknown date - Moammar Al Qadhafi, leader of Libya
- January 6 - Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian International Olympic Committee president (b. 1876)
- January 14 - Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (b. 1883)
- January 16 - Carole Lombard, actress
- January 26 - Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (b. 1868)
- February 19 - Frank Abbandando, Mafia hitman (executed)
- February 28 - Karel Doorman, Dutch admiral
- March 1 - Cornelius Vanderbilt III, military officer, inventor, engineer
- March 8 - José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player
- April 15 - Robert Musil, Austrian novelist
- April 18 - Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, sculptor and socialite
- May 3 - Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark
- May 7 - Felix Weingartner, Yugoslavian conductor (b. 1863)
- May 29 - John Barrymore, actor (b. 1882)
- July 23 - Adam Czerniakow, Polish Jew (suicide)
- August 3 - Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1872)
- August 6 - Jonathan Campbell, film pioneer (b. 1875)
- August 25 - Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
- November 1 - Hugo Distler, German composer (b. 1908)
- November 5 - George M. Cohan, American songwriter and entertainer
- November 19 - Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (shot) (b. 1892)
- December 22 - Franz Boas, German anthropologist (b. 1858)
- Physics - not awarded
- Chemistry - not awarded
- Medicine - not awarded
- Literature - not awarded
- Peace - not awardedaf:1942
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