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Ingrid Bergman

From Academic Kids

Ingrid Bergman (August 29, 1915August 29, 1982) was an Academy Award-winning Swedish actress.

Bergman was born in Stockholm, Sweden. When still very young, she lost both of her parents and was raised by some relatives; she studied at the Royal Dramatic Theater in Stockholm and had a small role in Munkbrogreven (1934), her first movie. After a dozen films in Sweden, Bergman was signed by David O. Selznick to star in the remake of Intermezzo (1939). The film was an enormous success and "Sweden's illustrious gift to Hollywood" had arrived.

After completing a few pictures in Sweden and appearing in three successful films in the United States, Bergman joined Humphrey Bogart in the 1942 classic film Casablanca. Two years later she received her first Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for the film, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943). The following year she won Best Actress for Gaslight (1944). She received a third consecutive nomination for Best Actress with her performance in The Bells of St. Mary's (1945). She would receive another Best Actress nomination for Joan of Arc (1948).

In 1949 Bergman met director Roberto Rossellini. She fell in love with him while performing in his film Stromboli (1950). Bergman left both her husband and daughter for Rossellini and they married and had a son. The affair caused was a scandal in both Hollywood and with the public; Bergman was branded as "Hollywood's apostle of degradation." One of Rossellini's and Bergman's children is the model and actress Isabella Rossellini.

With her starring role in (1956)'s Anastasia, Bergman made her post-scandal return to Hollywood and won Best Actress for a second time. She would continue to alternate between performances in American and European films. She received her third Academy Award (and first for Best Supporting Actress) for her performance in Murder on the Orient Express (1975). In 1978 she played in Ingmar Bergman's Autumn Sonata (also known as H?onaten) for which she received her seventh Academy Award nomination and made her final performance on the big screen. It is considered to be among her best performances.

She could speak Swedish, German, French, English and Italian fluently, which caused fellow actor John Gielgud's remark, "She speaks five languages, and can't act in any of them."

She died of cancer on her birthday in 1982 in London, England. She was cremated in Sweden, her ashes scattered with a part kept to be interred in the Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm.

Bergman was honored posthumously with an Emmy Award for Best Actress in 1982 for the television mini-series A Woman Called Golda, about Israeli prime minister Golda Meir.

For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Ingrid Bergman has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6759 Hollywood Blvd.

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