Alveolar flap

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox IPA The alveolar tap/flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is , and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is 4.

The difference between a tap and a flap is that in a tap the tongue flips up to strike its point of contact, like a very light plosive, whereas with a flap the tongue is thrown out and down, striking the point of contact in passing. For linguists that make a distinction between the two, the tap is transcribed as a "fish-hook ar", , while the flap is transcribed as a small capital dee, (which however is not recognized by the IPA). However, no language contrasts a tap and a flap at the same point of articulation, so the terms are often used loosely.

Contents

Features

Features of the alveolar flap/tap:

In English

The alveolar flap is not a phoneme of English, but it occurs as an allophone of [t] and [d] (the voiceless alveolar plosive and voiced alveolar plosive) in North American English and sometimes in Australian English when they occur in unstressed syllables, like in the words rider () and better ().

Other languages

Spanish

The alveolar tap is the single orthographic 'r' in the middle of Spanish words, as in pero ("but"), but not in perro ("dog"), where it is an alveolar trill. (Intial orthographic r, as in rana ("frog"), however, and (for many people) final r as in ir ("to go"), are also trills.)

See also


Sounds of the world's languages
International Phonetic Alphabet
Consonants | Vowels
Places of articulation Manners of articulation

Bilabial | Labiodental | Labial-velar | Dental | Alveolar | Postalveolar | Alveolo-palatal | Retroflex | Palatal | Velar | Uvular | Pharyngeal | Epiglottal | Glottal

Nasals | Plosives | Fricatives | Affricates | Laterals | Approximants | Flaps/Taps | Trills | Ejectives | Implosives | Clicks

de:Stimmhafter alveolarer Tap

pt:Vibrante simples alveolar

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