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United States Federal Executive Departments

From Academic Kids

The United States Federal Executive Departments are among the oldest primary units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States—the Departments of State, War, and the Treasury all being established within a few weeks of each other in 1789.

The heads of the federal executive departments are the members of the traditional Cabinet; since 1792, they have, by statutory specification, constituted a line of succession, after the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate, to the presidency in the event of a vacancy in both that office and the vice presidency. The Constitution is referring to these officials when it authorizes the President, in Article II, section 2, to "require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices." In brief, they and their organizations are the administrative arms of the President.

All departments are listed by their present-day name and only departments with past or present cabinet-level status are listed.

Department Creation Modifications since creation 2004 Budget
State 1789     9.96
Treasury 1789   11.1  
Interior 1849   10.7  
Justice 1870   23.4  
Agriculture 1889   77.6  
Commerce 1903 Originally named Commerce and Labor; Labor later separated     6.2  
Labor 1913   59.7  
Defense 1947 Initially named the National Military Establishment. 375.2  
Health and Human Services 1953 Originally named Health, Education, and Welfare; Education later separated 543.2  
Housing and Urban Development 1965   46.2  
Transportation 1966   58.0  
Energy 1977   21.5  
Education 1979   62.8  
Veterans Affairs 1988   60.3  
Homeland Security 2002   36.5  
1.402356 trillion dollars

Table of past departments

Navy (past) 1798 Subsumed by Defense
War (past) 1789 Subsumed by Defense
Post Office (past) 1872 Reorganized as U.S. Postal Service



Sources


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