Trepanation

From Academic Kids

18th century French illustration of trepanation

18th century French illustration of trepanation

Trepanation, also known as trephinning or trepanning, is a form of surgery where a hole is drilled or scraped into the skull, leaving the membrane around the brain intact. It addresses health problems that relate to abnormal intracranial pressure.

However, there are advocates who suggest trepanation even for healthy people, claiming that after an operation capillaries in the brain should operate on a higher metabolism resulting in a higher state of consciousness. Some claim spiritual benefits.

Trepanation has been carried out for both medical reasons and mystical practices for a long time: Evidence of trepanation has been found in pre-historic human remains from Neolithic times onwards, per cave paintings indicating that people believed the practice would cure epileptic seizures and mental disorders. Furthermore, Hippocrates gave specific directions on the procedure from its evolution through the Greek age.

Trepanation is generally not practiced by doctors without a medical indication. Illegal in the United States and Europe due to the risk of blood clots, brain injuries and infections, trepanation procedures can lead to meningitis or death.

Trepanation in popular culture

  • The movie Pi contains prominent references to trepanation.
  • The nu-metal/industrial group American Head Charge produced an EP with the name Trepanation in early 1999.
  • Also, the Japanese graphic novel Homunculus (manga) by Hideo Yamamoto has a scene in which trepanation is used in a human experiment to develop a sixth-sense. Serialized in magazine BIG COMIC SPIRIT 2003 vol.16-pesent.

See also

External links

hu:Trepanáció ja:頭部穿孔

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