Tongmenghui

The Tongmenghui (同盟會 Pinyin: Tng Mng Hu, literal meaning: "United Allegiance Society"), also known as the United League or the Revolutionary Alliance, was organized by Sun Yat-sen and Sung Chiao-jen in Tokyo, Japan on August 20, 1905.

The new body was created through the unification of Sun's Xingzhonghui (Revive China Society), the Guangfuhui (Restoration Society) and other Chinese revolutionary groups.

Combining republican, nationalist, and social objectives, the Tongmenghui's political platform was "to overthrow the Manchu barbarians, to restore China to the Chinese, to establish a republic, and to distribute land equally."(others told that their real aim is to restore the ming dynasty)

Among the Allegiance's members was Wang Jingwei, leader of the Japanese puppet state in China during WWII.

In 1906, a branch was formed in Singapore, following Sun's visit there; this was called the Nanyang branch and served as headquarters of the organization for Southeast Asia.

After the establishment of the Republic of China, the Tongmenghui formed, in August 1912, the nucleus of Sun's new Kuomintang (Nationalist Party).

See also: History of the Republic of China

fi:Tongmenghui zh:中国同盟会

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