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Strong acid

From Academic Kids

Acids and Bases:
Acid-base reaction theories
pH
Self-ionization of water
Buffer solutions
Systematic naming
Redox reactions
Electrochemistry
Strong acids
Weak acids
Strong bases
Weak bases

A strong acid is an acidic compound which ionizes completely in an aqueous solution. It is important not to confuse 'strong' with 'more corrosive' or 'more dangerous'. Hydrofluoric acid (HF), for instance, is a weak acid, but is extremely corrosive.

HA(aq) ↔ H+(aq) + A-(aq)


pH is the measure of acidity. It is defined for aqueous solutions as the -log10[H+], the negative of the log10 of the concentration of hydrogen (or more accurately, hydronium H3O+) ions in solution. Pure water at Standard temperature and pressure has an equilibrium concentration of one hydronium ion (and therefore one hydroxide ion) per 555,555,556 water molecules (M = 10-7 ) and thus has a pH of 7.

Acidic solutions have a pH lower than 7. Basic solutions have a pH higher than 7.


Examples of strong acids (in order from strongest to weakest):


The strength of strong acids in aqueous solutions is equivalent at equal concentrations because the concentration of hydrogen ions is always equal to the concentration of the acid. Only through replacing the solvent with a more acidic one, is it possible to observe and measure the differences in proton dissociation among the strong acids.

An example of a strong acid in humans is the stomach acid, believed to have an acidity of anywhere from 4 to 5 pH.

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