Signy Island

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Signy Island is a small antarctic island in the South Orkney Islands group at latitude 60°43' S and longitude 45°36' W. It is about 6.5 km long and 5 km wide and rises to 288 m above sea level. Much of the island is permanently covered with ice. The average temperatures top at 0°C and fall to about -10°C in winter (i.e., in July). The extrema reach about 12°C and -44°C, respectively.

The British Antarctic Survey maintains a scientific station for research in biology since March 18, 1947, on the site of an earlier whaling station that had existed there from 1912 to 1929. The station was staffed year-round until 1996. Since then, it is occupied only from November to April and houses some 10 people.

See also: Sub-antarctic islands

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