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Organisation of African Unity

From Academic Kids

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AfricanUnion-Flag.png
Flag of the Organisation of African Unity, later also used by the African Union.

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU or Organisation de l'Unité Africaine (OUA)) was established on May 25, 1963. It was disbanded July 9, 2002 by its last chairman, South African Thabo Mbeki and replaced by the African Union.

Its intended purpose was to promote the unity and solidarity of the African States and act as a collective voice for the continent. It was also dedicated to the eradication of colonialism and established a Liberation Committee to aid independence movements.

Its headquarters were established at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, at the invitation of its emperor, Haile Selassie I. The Charter of the Organisation was signed by 32 independent African states. At the time of its disbanding, 53 out of the 54 countries in Africa were members; Morocco left in 1985 following the admission of Western Sahara in 1982.

Though widely derided as a bureaucratic "talking shop" with little power, Ghanaian United Nations secretary-general Kofi Annan praised the OAU for bringing Africans together. Nevertheless, in its 39 years of existence critics argue that the OAU did little to protect the rights and liberties of African citizens from their own political leaders, often dubbing it "The Dictators Club".

Autonomous specialised agencies working under the auspices of the OAU were:

References

es:Organizacin de la Unidad Africana eo:Organizaĵo por Afrika Unueco fr:Organisation de l'unit africaine he:ארגון אחדות אפריקה nl:Organisatie van Afrikaanse Eenheid pl:Organizacja Jedności Afrykańskiej pt:Organizao da Unidade Africana sv:OAU

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