Orange Line (MBTA)

From Academic Kids

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The old Main Line Elevated and related lines

The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the MBTA. It extends from Forest Hills in Jamaica Plain, Boston in the south to Oak Grove in Malden, Massachusetts in the north. It meets the Red Line at Downtown Crossing, the Blue Line at State, and the Green Line at Haymarket and North Station. It connects with Amtrak and Commuter Rail service at Back Bay and North Station.

Originally known as the Main Line of the Boston Elevated Railway and later the Forest Hills-Everett Elevated Line, the current name is derived from Orange Street, an old name for the section of Washington Street immediately south of downtown under which the Washington Street Tunnel, forming the center of the line, still runs. (Cars throughout the Boston rapid transit network were formerly painted orange or with orange stripes by MBTA predecessors, and restored streetcars on the Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line wear their historical orange livery, but this is largely coincidental.) In April 1987, the Washington Street El south of the Essex (Chinatown) station was closed. The line was rerouted into a modern subway running along the Amtrak right-of-way (the Northeast Corridor) from Back Bay to Forest Hills.

During the conceptual stages of the modern Orange Line in the 1970s, extensions to the beltway Route 128 were proposed, with termini at Reading in the north and Dedham in the south.

The old Orange Line El was the train seen in the opening sequence of the television program St. Elsewhere.

Contents

Stations

Station listing

Station Time to Downtown Crossing Opened Transfers and notes
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Oak Grove
March 20, 1977
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Malden Center
December 27, 1975 Commuter Rail Haverhill/Reading Line
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Wellington
September 6, 1975
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Sullivan Square
April 7, 1975
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Community College
April 7, 1975
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North Station
April 7, 1975 Green Line and Commuter Rail north side lines
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Haymarket
November 30, 1908 Green Line
originally Friend-Union until January 25, 1967
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State
November 30, 1908 Blue Line
originally Milk-State until January 24, 1967
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Downtown Crossing
November 30, 1908 Red Line, Green Line and Silver Line
originally Winter-Summer until January 22, 1967, then Washington until May 3, 1987
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Chinatown
November 30, 1908 Silver Line
originally Boylston-Essex until February 10, 1967, then Essex until May 3, 1987
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New England Medical Center
May 4, 1987 Silver Line
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Back Bay
May 4, 1987 Commuter Rail Attleboro/Stoughton Line, Framingham/Worcester Line, Franklin Line and Needham Line
also called Back Bay/South End
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Massachusetts Avenue
May 4, 1987
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Ruggles
May 4, 1987 Commuter Rail Attleboro/Stoughton Line, Franklin Line and Needham Line
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Roxbury Crossing
May 4, 1987
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Jackson Square
May 4, 1987
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Stony Brook
May 4, 1987
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Green Street
May 4, 1987
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Forest Hills
May 4, 1987 Commuter Rail Attleboro/Stoughton Line, Franklin Line and Needham Line

Rolling Stock

The Orange Line's current fleet is the 01200 series, built 1980-1981 by Hawker Siddeley Canada Car and Foundry (now Bombardier Transportation) of Fort William, Ontario, Canada. They are 65 feet (20 meters) long and 111 inches (2.8 meters) wide, with three pairs of doors on each side. They are based on the PA3 model used by PATH in New Jersey. There are 120 cars, numbered 01200-01319. These units are expected to remain in service until 2015.[1] (http://www.mbta.com/insidethet/transitcommitments.asp)

Accessibility

All stations on the Orange Line are handicapped accessible, though State is not fully accessible on the Blue Line.

Template:MBTA

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