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Nieuport 17

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Nieuport 17
Description
RoleFighter
CrewPilot
First Flight
Entered ServiceMarch 1916
ManufacturerNieuport
Dimensions
Length19 ft5.8 m
Wingspan26 ft 9 in8.2 m
Height7 ft 10 in2.4 m
Wing area159 ft²14.8 m²
Weights
Empty827 lb375 kg
Loaded1235 lb560 kg
Maximum takeofflbkg
Capacity
Powerplant
EnginesLe Rhone JB
Power110 hp82kW
Performance
Maximum speed102 mph164 km/h
Combat range155 miles249 km
Service ceiling17390 ft5300 m
Rate of climb18!? ft/min5!? m/min
Wing loading7.77 lb/ft²37.9 kg/m²
Power/Mass0.09 hp/lb0.15 kW/kg
Avionics
Avionics
Armament
Guns1 Vickers or Lewis machine gun

The Nieuport 17 was a biplane fighter aircraft manufactured by Nieuport, and prominent during the World War I era.

The Nie. 17 was directly developed from the Nieuport 12, with a more powerful engine, larger wings, and a more effective structure in general. At first, it was equipped with a 110 hp (82 kW) engine, then later it was upgraded to a 130 hp (97 kW) engine. It had outstanding maneuverability (compared to other fighters of the era), but the lower wing tended to snap under heavy loads.

The plane was utilized in World War I. It reached the French front in March 1916, at the same time as the British De Havilland 2, and was quickly adopted by the Royal Air Force and Royal Naval Air Service, as it was superior to any British plane at that time. The Nie. 17 was also utilized by the Dutch, Belgian, Russian, and Italian air forces. Even Germany copied the design in the Siemens-Schukert D3.

Many Allied air aces flew this plane, including Canadian ace W.A. Bishop, who received a Victoria Cross while flying this plane.

See also: List of military aircraft of France


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