Moussaka

Moussaka (Greek: moussakas; Romanian: musaca; Turkish: musakka; Egyptian Arabic: musaqqa`a, Bulgarian мусака) is a traditional dish of Greece, the Balkans, and the Middle East consisting of layers of ground (minced) lamb, sliced eggplant (UK aubergine), and tomato, topped with a white sauce and baked. Despite its Turkish name, it is usually thought of as a Greek dish in the West, and is less popular in Turkey than in Greece.

In Greece, the white sauce is usually a sort of bchamel; in the Balkans, it is often a custard; and in England, in rare cases a layer of mashed potatoes is used instead. Grated cheese or bread crumbs are often sprinkled on top.

There are variations on this basic recipe, sometimes with no sauce, sometimes with other vegetables. The most common variant in Greece substitutes zucchini (UK courgette) for eggplant, or uses both. There is even a fast-day version in the Greek cookbook by Tselementes which includes neither meat nor sauce, just vegetables (ground eggplant is used instead of ground meat), tomato sauce, and bread crumbs, making it almost identical to briami.

The word moussaka is originally Arabic, but came into English via Greek.ja:ムサカ

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