Monotonicity of entailment

From Academic Kids

Monotonicity of entailment is a property of logical systems that states that the hypotheses of any derived fact may be freely extended with additional assumptions. In sequent calculi this property can be captured by an inference rule called weakening, or sometimes thinning, and in such systems one may say that entailment if monotone just in case the rule is admissible.

Weakening rule

To illustrate, starting from the natural deduction sequent:

Γ ⊢ C

weakening allows one to conclude:

Γ, A ⊢ C

Nonmonotone logics

In most logics, weakening is either an inference rule or a metatheorem if the logic doesn't have an explicit rule. Notable exceptions are:

See also

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