Lomonosov Gold Medal

The Lomonosov Gold Medal, named after Russian scientist and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov, is awarded each year since 1959 for outstanding achievements in the natural sciences and the humanities by the USSR Academy of Sciences and later the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Two medals are awarded annually: one to a Russian and one to a foreign scientist. The Lomonosov Gold Medal should not be confused with the Lomonosov Award, introduced in 1866.


Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal

1959

Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa 
cumulatively, for works in physics of low temperatures.

1962

Aleksandr Nikolaevich Nesmeyanov 
accumulatively for works in chemistry.

1964

Sin-Itiro Tomonaga (member of the Japanese academy of Sciences, president of the Scientific Council of Japan) 
for substantial scientific contributions to the development of physics.
Yukawa Hideki (member of the Japanese academy of Sciences, director of the Institute of Basic Research at the University of Kyoto) 
for outstanding merits in the development of theoretical physics.

1965

Sir Howard Walter Florey (professor, president of the Royal Society of Great Britain) 
for an outstanding contribution in the development of medicine.
Nikolai Vasilevich Belov 
accumulatively for works in crystallography.

1967

Cecil Frank Powell (professor, member of the Royal Society of Great Britain) 
for outstanding achievements in the physics of elementary particles.
Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm 
for outstanding achievements in the theory of elementary particles and other domain of theoretical physics

1968

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Engelgardt 
for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and molecular biology.
Ishtvan Rysznyak (president of the Academy of Sciences of the Hungarian People's Republics) 
for outstanding achievements in medicine.

1969

Giulio Natta (professor, Italy) 
for outstanding achievements in the chemistry of polymers
Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov 
for outstanding achievements in chemical physics.

1970

Arnaud Denjoy (member of the Academie Francaise) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov 
for outstanding studies in mathematics.

1971

Hannes Alfvn (professor, member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden) 
for outstanding achievements in physics of plasma and astrophysics.
Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian 
for outstanding achievements in astronomy and astrophysics.

1972

Nikoloz Muskhelishvili 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics and mechanics.
Max Steenbeck (full member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic) 
for outstanding achievements in the physics of plasma and applied physics.

1973

Aleksandr Pavlovich Vinogradov 
for outstanding achievements in geochemistry.
Vladimir Zoubek (full member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in geology.

1974

Angel Tonchev Balevski (full member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.
Aleksandr Ivanovich Tselikov 
for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.

1975

Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics, mechanics and space research.
Maurice Roy (full member of the Academie Francaise) 
for outstanding achievements in mechanics and its applications.

1976

Herman Klare (full member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic) 
for outstanding achievements in the chemistry and technology of man-made fibers.
Semyon Isaakovich Volfkovich 
for outstanding achievements in chemisry and the technology of phosphorus and the development of scientific foundations of chemicalization of agriculture in the USSR.

1977

Mikhail Alekseevich Lavrentiev 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics and mechanics.
Linus Carl Pauling (member of the US National Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in chemistry and biochemistry.

1978

Anatolii Petrovich Aleksandrov 
for outstanding achievements in nuclear science and technology.
Alexander Robertus Todd (professor, president of the Royal Society of Great Britain) 
for outstanding achievements in organic chemistry.

1979

Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin 
for outstanding achievements in biochemistry.
Bela Szoekefalvi-Nady (full member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

1980

Jaroslav Koenk (full member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in applied mathematics and mechanics.
Boris Yevgenevich Paton 
for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.

1981

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kotelnikov 
for outstanding achievements in radiophysics, radio engineering and electronics.
Pavle Savich (full member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Socialst Federativ Republic of Yugoslavia) 
for outstanding achievements in chemistry and physics.

1982

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (professor, member of the London Royal Society) 
for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and crystal chemistry.
Julii Borisovich Khariton 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1983

Andrei Lvovich Kursanov 
for outstanding achievements in physiology and biochemistry of plants.
Abdus Salam (professor, Pakistan) 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1984

Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogolyubov 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics and theoretical physics.
Rudolf Mssbauer (professor, Federal Republic of Germany) 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1985

Guillermo Haro (professor, Mexico) 
for outstanding achievements in astrophysics.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sadovsky 
for outstanding achievements in geology and geophysics.

1986

Svyatoslav Nikolaevich Fyodorov 
for outstanding achievements in ophthalmology and eye microsurgery.
Josef Řiman (academician, Chairman of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in biochemistry.

1987

John Bardeen (professor, USA) 
for outstanding achievements in physics.
Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1988

Jean Leray (professor, France) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
Sergei Lvovich Sobolev (posthumously) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

1989

Nikolai Gennadievich Basov 
for outstanding achievements in physics.
Hans Bethe (professor, USA) 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1993

John Kenneth Galbraith (professor, USA) 
for outstanding achievements in economic and social sciences.
Dmitri Sergeevich Likhachev 
for outstanding achievements in the humanities.

1994

Nikolai Konstantinovich Kochetkov 
for outstanding achievements in the chemistry of carbohydrates and organic synthesis.
James D. Watson (professor, USA) 
for outstanding achievements in molecular biology.

1995

Anatol Abraham (professor, France) 
for outstanding achievements in physics of condensed state and methods of research in nuclear physics.
Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg 
for outstanding achievements in theoretical physics and astrophysics.

1996

Friedrich Hirzebruch (professor, Federal Republic of Germany)  
for outstanding achievements in algebraic geometry and algebraic topology.
Nikolai Nikolaevich Krasovsky 
for outstanding achievements in the mathematical theory of control and the theory of differential games.

1997

Frank Press (professor, USA) 
for outstanding achievements in the physics of solid Earth.
Boris Sergeevich Sokolov 
for outstanding achievements in the studies of the early biosphere of the Earth, the discovery of the ancient Wend geological system and classical works in fossil corals.

1998

Aleksandr Isaevich Solzhenitsyn 
for an outstanding contribution into the development of Russian literature, Russian language and Russian history.
Yosikazu Nakamura (professor, Japan) 
for an outstanding contribution to the study of Slavistics and the popularization of Russian literature and culture in Japan.

1999

Valentin Lavrentevich Yanin 
Michael Mller-Wille 

2000

Andrei Viktorovich Gaponov-Grekhov 
Charles Hard Townes 

2001

Alexander Sergeevich Spirin 
Alexander Rich (professor, United States) 
for achievements in the study of the structure of nucleic acids and the functions of ribosomes.

2002

Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya 
Lennart Carleson (professor, Sweden) 

See also

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