Judicial Yuan

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of Taiwan The Judicial Yuan (司法院) is one of five branches of the Republic of China government in Taipei and serves as the highest judicial organ in Taiwan. Its Council of Grand Justices (大法官會議), with 15 members, is charged with interpreting the Constitution of the Republic of China. The President and Vice President of the Judicial Yuan are chosen from among the Grand Justices by the President of the Republic of China. Eight of the grand justices, including the president and vice president of the Yuan, serve four-year terms, and the remaining grand justices serve eight-year terms.

The Judicial Yuan also supervises the lower courts, which consist of the Supreme Court, the high courts, district courts, the Administrative Court, and the Commission on the Disciplinary Sanctions of Public Functionaries.

District courts hear cases of the first instance, high courts hear appeals, and the Supreme Court is the final court of appeal. High courts are courts of first instance only for cases in which rebellion, treason, and offenses against friendly relations with other nations are alleged. The Supreme Court does not hear constitutional cases.

External link


zh:中華民國司法院

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