World Conservation Union

The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation.

Founded in 1948, its headquarters is located in Gland, Switzerland. The IUCN brings together 78 states, 112 government agencies, 735 NGOs and thousands of experts and scientists from 181 countries.

IUCN's mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.

These are the existing Protected Area Management Categories:

  • Ia - Strict Nature Reserve
An area of land or sea possessing some outstanding or representative ecosystems, geological or physiological features and/or species, available primarily for scientific research or environmental monitoring.
  • Ib - Wilderness Area
A large area of unmodified or slightly modified land, and/or sea, retaining its natural character and influence, without permanent or significant habitation, which is protected and managed so as to preserve its natural condition.
  • II - National Park
A natural area of land and/or sea, designated to:
  1. protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations;
  2. exclude exploitation or occupation inimical to the purposes of designation of the area;
  3. provide a foundation for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational, and visitor opportunities, all of which must be environmentally and culturally compatible.
  • III - Natural Monument
An area containing one, or more, specific natural or natural/cultural feature which is of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative or aesthetic qualities or cultural significance.
  • IV - Habitat/Species Management Area
An area of land or sea subject to active intervention for management purposes so as to ensure the maintenance of habitats and/or to meet the requirements of specific species.
  • V - Protected Landscape/Seascape
An area of land, with coast and sea as appropriate, where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant aesthetic, ecological, or cultural value, and often with high biological diversity. Safeguarding the integrity of this traditional interaction is vital to the protection, maintenance, and evolution of such an area.
  • VI - Managed Resource Protected Area
An area containing predominantly unmodified natural systems, managed to ensure long term protection and maintenance of biological diversity, while providing at the same time a sustainable flow of natural products and services to meet community needs.

See also

External link

de:IUCN es:Unin Mundial para la Conservacin fr:International union for conservation of nature and natural resources hu:Természetvédelmi Világszövetség ja:国際自然保護連合 nl:IUCN pl:IUCN pt:IUCN sv:IUCN minnan:Sè-kài Pó-io̍k Tông-bêng


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