House of Representatives (Fiji)

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of Fiji



The House of Representatives is the lower chamber of Fiji's Parliament. It is the more powerful of the two chambers; it alone has the power to initiate legislation (the Senate, by contrast, can amend or veto most legislation, but cannot initiate it). The House of Representatives also has much greater jurisdiction over financial bills; the Senate cannot amend them, although it may veto them. Except in the case of amendments to the Constitution, over which a veto of the Senate is absolute, the House of Representatives may override a Senatorial veto by passing the same bill a second time, in the parliamentary session immediately following the one in which it was rejected by the Senate, after a minimum period of six months.

Last but not least, the Prime Minister and Cabinet must retain the confidence of a majority of the House of Representatives in order to remain in office.

The House of Representatives has 71 members, all of whom are elected for five-year terms to represent single-member constituencies. Of these, 25 are elected by universal suffrage from "open electorates" ("open" meaning that the franchise is open to all locally resident Fijian citizens, irrespective of their ethnic background). The remaining 46 are elected on separate communal rolls for the ethnic Fijian, Indo-Fijian, and Rotuman communities, with a fourth roll for "General Electors" (Europeans, Chinese, and other minorities). 23 communal seats in the House of Representatives are reserved for ethnic Fijians, 19 for Indo-Fijians, 1 for Rotuman Islanders, and 3 for "General Electors". Every Fijian citizen eligible to vote thus has two votes - one for an open electorate, and one for a communal electorate.

At its first session following a general election, the House of Representatives elects a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker. With a view to ensuring impartiality, the Speaker is not allowed to be a member of the House, though he must qualify for membership. The Deputy Speaker, however, is elected from among members of the House.

The current composition of the House of Representatives, together with its officers, is as follows:

Speaker and Deputy Speaker

SpeakerRatu Epeli Nailatikau
Deputy SpeakerManasa Tugia

†The Speaker is not allowed to be a member of the House.
‡The Deputy Speaker is required to be a member of the House. The current Deputy Speaker, Manasa Tugia, represents the Cakaudrove West Open constituency for the Conservative Alliance Party.

Open Electorates

ElectorateMember of ParliamentPolitical Party
BaMahendra ChaudhryFiji Labour Party
Bua Macuata WestIsireli TuvukiUnited Fiji Party
Cakaudrove WestManasa TugiaConservative Alliance (Fiji)
CunninghamSolomoni NaivaluUnited Fiji Party
LabasaPoseci BuneFiji Labour Party
LamiKaliopate TavolaUnited Fiji Party
Lau Taveuni RotumaColonel Savenaca DraunidaloIndependent
LaucalaLosena T. SalabulaUnited Fiji Party
Lautoka CityDaniel Urai ManufolauFiji Labour Party
Lomaivuna Namosi KadavuTed YoungUnited Fiji Party
Macuata EastKrishna DattFiji Labour Party
MagodroGyan SinghFiji Labour Party
Nausori NaitasiriAsaeli MasilacaUnited Fiji Party
NadiKrishna PrasadFiji Labour Party
NadrogaJonetani K. GaluinadiUnited Fiji Party
Nasinu RewaPeniasi SilatoluUnited Fiji Party
RaGeorge Shiu RajUnited Fiji Party
Samabula TamavuaManoa DobuiUnited Fiji Party
Suva CityOfa SwannNew Labour Unity Party
Serua NavosaCol. Pio Iowane WongUnited Fiji Party
TavuaPravin SinghFiji Labour Party
Tailevu North Ovalau Josefa VosanibolaUnited Fiji Party
Tailevu South LomaivitiAdi Asenaca Coboiverata Caucau-FilipeUnited Fiji Party
VudaVijay Singh, MPFiji Labour Party
Yasawa NawakaPerumal MupnarFiji Labour Party

Communal Electorates (Fijian)

ElectorateMember of ParliamentPolitical Party
Ba EastJoeli NabukaUnited Fiji Party
Ba WestTomasi N. SauqaqaUnited Fiji Party
BuaJosateki VulaConservative Alliance
Cakaudrove EastRatu Naiqama LalabalavuConservative Alliance
Cakaudrove WestNiko Nawaikula [1]Conservative Alliance
KadavuKonisi T. YabakiUnited Fiji Party
LauLaisenia QaraseUnited Fiji Party
LomaivitiSimione KaitaniUnited Fiji Party
MacuataIsireli LeweniqilaConservative Alliance
Nadroga NavosaPita NacuvaUnited Fiji Party
NaitasiriIlaitia Bulidiri TuiseseUnited Fiji Party
NamosiRo Suliano MatanitobuaUnited Fiji Party
Nasinu UrbanEmasi QovuUnited Fiji Party
North East UrbanNanise Nagusuca [2]United Fiji Party
North West UrbanJoji N. BanuveUnited Fiji Party
RaTomasi VuetilovoniUnited Fiji Party
RewaRo Teimumu Vuikaba KepaUnited Fiji Party
SeruaJoketani CokanasigaUnited Fiji Party
South West UrbanRatu Jone KubuabolaUnited Fiji Party
Suva City UrbanMataiasi V. RagiagiaUnited Fiji Party
Tailevu NorthSamisoni TikoinasauConservative Alliance
Tailevu SouthIrami MatairavulaUnited Fiji Party
Tamavua Laucala UrbanLt. Col. Jonetani KaukimoceUnited Fiji Party

[1] Declared elected unopposed on 22 June 2005, to fill vacancy caused by imprisonment of Ratu Rakuita Vakalalabure, also Conservative Alliance.
[2] Elected in byelection on 11 December 2004, to fill vacancy caused by death of Filimone Banuve, also United Fiji Party.

Communal Electorates (Indo-Fijian)

ElectorateMember of ParliamentPolitical Party
Ba EastSatendra SinghFiji Labour Party
Ba WestAhmed GaffarFiji Labour Party
LabasaJames Shri KrishnaFiji Labour Party
Labasa RuralMohammed RafiqFiji Labour Party
LaucalaKamlesh Kumar AryaFiji Labour Party
Lautoka CityDr. Ganeshwar ChandFiji Labour Party
Lautoka RuralUdit NarayanFiji Labour Party
Macuata East CakaudroveRam SharanFiji Labour Party
Nadi RuralDr. Gunasagaran GounderFiji Labour Party
Nadi Urban CakaudroveAmjad AliFiji Labour Party
NadrogaLekh Ram VayeshnoiFiji Labour Party
NasinuPratap ChandFiji Labour Party
Suva CityGyani NandFiji Labour Party
TailevuRewa Ragho NandFiji Labour Party
TavuaAnand BablaFiji Labour Party
Vanua Levu WestSurendra LalFiji Labour Party
Viti Levu South KadavuPrince Gopal LakshmanFiji Labour Party
Vitilevu East MaritimeSanjeet Chand MaharajFiji Labour Party
VudaVyas Deo SharmaFiji Labour Party

Communal Electorate (Rotuman)

ElectorateMember of ParliamentPolitical Party
RotumaMarieta RigamotoIndependent

Communal Electorates (General Electors)

ElectorateMember of ParliamentPolitical Party
North EasternDavid Ariu ChristopherUnited Fiji Party
Suva CityKenneth Vincent ZinckNew Labour Unity Party
West CentralMillis Malcolm BeddoesUnited General Party

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