Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr.

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(Redirected from H. Norman Schwarzkopf)
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General Schwarzkopf

This article is about the Gulf War General, for his father who investigated the Lindburgh kidnapping see Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr.

Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. (born August 22, 1934), United States Army general, was commander of the United States forces in the Gulf War of 1991.

Born in Trenton, New Jersey to Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr., he graduated from West Point in 1956, and earned a masters degree in missile engineering from the University of Southern California in 1964.

After graduating from West Point and receiving a commission in the infantry, Schwarzkopf had assignments in the United States and Germany before going back to school to earn his masters in guided missile engineering. Schwarzkopf then returned to West Point as a member of the faculty.

Following Schwarzkopf's first year as a member of the faculty at West Point he requested a reassignment to Vietnam. Schwarzkopf served as an adviser to the Vietnamese airborne division during his two combat tours in the Vietnam War and received the Purple Heart after being injured.

Schwarzkopf made general in 1978, and in 1983 was deputy commander during the US invasion of Grenada, and in 1988 was appointed to the U.S. Central Command.

In 1990 he was chosen to run Operation Desert Storm, and was responsible for the "left hook" strategy that went into Iraq behind the Iraqi forces occupying Kuwait, and widely credited with bringing the ground war to a close in just four days. He was personally very visible in the conduct of the war, giving frequent press conferences, and was dubbed "Stormin' Norman."

He was awarded the United States Republican Senatorial Medal of Freedom and the British Order of the Bath.

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General Schwarzkopf, Jr. and President George H. W. Bush visited U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia on Thanksgiving Day, 1990.

Schwarzkopf retired from active service in August 1991, and shortly thereafter wrote an autobiography, It Doesn't Take a Hero, published in 1992.

ja:ノーマン・シュワルツコフ

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