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Gustav Klimt

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Gustav Klimt

Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862February 6, 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of Vienna Art Nouveau (Vienna Secession) movement.

Gustav Klimt was born in Baumgarten, near Vienna, Austria. He was educated at the Vienna Kunstgewerbe Art School in the years 1879-1883. Klimt was also an honorary member of the Universities of Munich and Vienna.

Judith I, .
Judith I, 1901.
Mda Primavesi
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Mda Primavesi
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Festsaal_-_University_of_Vienna.JPG
Festsaal at the University of Vienna, with one of three Klimt paintings just visible in black and white at top right.

His major works include paintings, murals, sketches and other art objects, many of which are on display in the Vienna Secession gallery.

His work is distinguished by an elegant use of gold backgrounds and mosaic patterns. This can be seen in Judith I (1901), and in The Kiss (1907). Art historians note an eclectic range of influences contributing to Klimt's distinct style, including Egyptian, Minoan, Classical Greek, and Byzantine inspirations. Klimt was also inspired by engravings of Albrecht Drer, late medieval European painting, and Japanese Ukiyo-e.

Klimt was one of the founding members of the Wiener Sezession (Vienna Secession) and of the periodical Ver Sacrum. He left the movement in 1908.

He died in Vienna of pneumonia and was interred at the Hietzing Cemetery, Vienna.

Contents

Legacy

In November of 2003, Klimt's Landhaus am Attersee sold for $29,128,000.

On June 7, 2004, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that 88-year-old Maria Altmann, the niece of Klimt model Adele Bloch-Bauer, could sue Austria in a U.S. court for the return of six Klimt paintings stolen from her uncle by the occupying Nazis in 1938. Kept by Austria after the war, the paintings are currently displayed in Vienna's Belvedere Palace. The paintings include the celebrated Adele Bloch-Bauer I and have a market value estimated at more than $150,000,000.

Selected works

  • University of Vienna Festsaal ceiling paintings
  • Palais Stocklet mosaic in Brussels
  • Judith I (1901)
  • Buchenwald (Birkenwald) (1901) [1] (http://www.adele.at/Page10343/Buchenwald__Birkenwald___1903/buchenwald__birkenwald___1903.html)
  • The Hydra (Wasserschlangen I) (1904) [2] (http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/klimt/wasserschlangen.jpg)
  • Judith II [3] (http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/klimt/judith2.jpg)
  • Fritsa Reidler (1906) [4] (http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/klimt/klimt.fritza-riedler.jpg)
  • Dana (1907)
  • Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907) [5] (http://www.adele.at/Page10343/Adele_Bloch-Bauer_I__1907/adele_bloch-bauer_i__1907.html)
  • The Kiss (1907) [6] (http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/klimt/kiss/klimt.kiss.jpg)
  • Salom (1909)
  • Adele Bloch-Bauer II (1912) [7] (http://www.adele.at/Page10343/Adele_Bloch-Bauer_II__1912/adele_bloch-bauer_ii__1912.html)
  • The Virgins (Die Jungfrau) (1913) [8] (http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/klimt/klimt.jungfrau.jpg)
  • Houses in Unterach on the Attersee (1916) [9] (http://www.adele.at/Page10343/Page10364/page10364.html)
  • Beethoven frieze at the Secession Gallery in Vienna [10] (http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/klimt/klimt.beethoven-frieze1.jpg) [11] (http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/klimt/klimt.beethoven-frieze2.jpg)

See also

External link

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