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Grand Slam (tennis)

From Academic Kids

Grand Slams

In tennis, a Grand Slam is winning all four of the following championship titles in the same year:

These tournaments are therefore also known as the Grand Slam tournaments, and rank as the most important tennis tournaments of the year in the public mind as well as in terms of the ranking points and prize-money awarded for performances in them. The titles are known as Grand Slam titles.

Contents

History

The term Grand Slam was first used in 1933, by the American journalist John Kieran. In describing the attempt that year by Jack Crawford to win all four titles, he compared it with "a countered and vulnerable grand slam in bridge". However, in the finals of the U.S. Championships, Crawford was unable to defeat Fred Perry. It wasn't until 1938 that Donald Budge became the first person to win the Grand Slam.

The expression, initially used to describe the winning of the tennis major events, was later incorporated by other sports, notably golf, to describe a similar accomplishment.

Winners

True Grand Slam

The winners of the Grand Slam (all four tournaments in the same calendar year) in singles are:

The doubles teams that won the Grand Slam are:

Additionally, three players won all four Doubles Grand Slam titles, but switched partners after the Australian Open:

Four consecutive Grand Slam titles

Though the term was originally restricted to the winning of all four tournaments in the same calendar year, it is now sometimes used for holding all four titles simultaneously, regardless of the calendar. During an interview with Serena Williams at the U.S. Open, after she had won the title, an interviewer coined the term "Serena Slam" for this achievement. Serena did indeed succeed in winning this honour, but counter to Martina Navratilova before her, she had to leave it at four titles.

Winners of all four Grand Slam tournaments consecutively, but not in a single calendar year, were:

Career Grand Slam

Winning all four Grand Slam tournaments non-consecutively, is described as a "career Grand Slam."

Players who won all four Grand Slam tournaments but not within the same year include (age between square brackets):

Team that won a Career Grand Slam in doubles:

Players who won a Career Grand Slam in doubles:

Player who won a Career Grand Slam in mixed doubles:

Golden Slam

True Golden Slam

The Golden Slam, or Golden Grand Slam, is winning all four Grand Slam tournaments, as well as the Gold medal in tennis at the Summer Olympics, in the same calendar year. The opportunities to do so have been rare, not just because the Summer Olympics are held only once every four years, but also because in between the games of 1924 and 1988, tennis was not a medal sport at the Games.

So far this feat has been achieved only once:

Career Golden Slam

Winning all tournaments in a True Golden Slam, but non-consecutively:

The Career "Boxed Set"

Perhaps the greatest Grand Slam-related accomplishment of all is winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles in a calendar year—winning the singles, same-sex doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events. Nobody has ever achieved this feat, but three women have completed the "boxed set" during their careers:

See also

fr:Grand Chelem de tennis he:גראנד סלאם (טניס) it:Grande Slam del tennis ja:グランドスラム (テニス) nl:Grand Slam-toernooi no:Grand Slam (tennis) pl:Wielki Szlem pt:Grand Slam de tnis ru:Турниры Большого Шлема (теннис) sv:Tennisens Grand Slam zh:网球大满贯

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