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Gold medal

From Academic Kids

This article is about gold medals as awards or prizes. There is also an article on Gold Medal, an album by The Donnas.

A gold medal will generally represent the highest award for achievement in a non-military field, with no restriction on eligibility. The concept comes from the military, initially with a simple recognition of military rank, and later decorations for admission to military orders dating back to medieval times. Since at least the 18th Century, gold medals have been awarded in the arts (for example by the Royal Danish Academy), usually as a symbol of a financial award to give an outstanding student some freedom. Others offer only the prestige of the award. Many organizations now award gold medals either annually or extraordinarily including UNESCO and various academic societies.

Olympic Games

Without qualification, the term is likely to refer to a winner's prize at the modern Olympic Games (medals were not awarded at the ancient games). In 1896 winners' medals were in fact silver. The custom of gold-silver-bronze for the first three places dates from the 1904 games and has been copied for many other sporting events. Minting the medals is the responsibility of the host city. From 1928-1968 the design was always the same: the obverse showed a generic design by Florentine artist Giuseppe Cassioli with text giving the host city; the reverse showed another generic design of an Olympic champion. From 1972-2000, Cassioli's design (or a slight reworking) remained on the obverse with a custom design by the host city on the reverse. Noting that Cassioli's desgn showed a Roman amphitheatre for what was originally a Greek games, a new obverse design was commissioned for the Athens 2004 Games. Winter Olympics medals have been of more varied design.

Most gold medals (including Olympic gold medals) are gold plated, exceptions being the Congressional Gold Medal and Nobel Prizewinners medals which are solid gold.

External Link

es:Medalla de oro ja:金メダル

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