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Geography of Equatorial Guinea

From Academic Kids

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is located in west central Africa. Bioko Island lies about 40 kilometers (25 mi.) from Cameroon. Annobón Island lies about 595 kilometers (370 mi.) southwest of Bioko Island. The larger continental region of Rio Muni lies between Cameroon and Gabon on the mainland; it includes the islands of Corisco, Elobey Grande, Elobey Chico, and adjacent islets.

República de Guinea Ecuatorial
République de la Guinée Équatoriale
Missing image
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Map Of Equatorial Guinea

Continent Africa
Geographic coordinates Template:Coor dm
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 141st
28,051 km²
Negligible
Coastline 296 km
Highest point Pico Basile, 3,008 m
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean, 0 m
Longest river Uola River
Land Use
 - Arable land
 - Permanent
   crops
 - Permanent
   pastures
 - Forests and
   woodlands
 - Other

5 %

4 %

4 %

46 %
41 % (1993 est.)
Climate: Tropical
add more need ideas
Natural resources petroleum, timber, small unexploited deposits of gold, manganese, uranium
Environmental issues drinking water, desertification

Bioko Island, called Fernando Po until the 1970s, is the largest island in the Gulf of Guinea - 2,017 square kilometers (780 sq. mi.). It is shaped like a boot, with two large volcanic formations separated by a valley that bisects the island at its narrowest point. The 195-kilometer (120-mi.) coastline is steep and rugged in the south but lower and more accessible in the north, with excellent harbors at Malabo and Luba, and several scenic beaches between those towns.

On the continent, Rio Muni covers 26,003 square kilometers (10,040 sq. mi.). The coastal plain gives way to a succession of valleys separated by low hills and spurs of the Crystal Mountains. The Rio Benito (Mbini) which divides Rio Muni in half, is unnavigable except for a 20-kilometer stretch at its estuary. Temperatures and humidity in Rio Muni are generally lower than on Bioko Island.

Annobon Island, named for its discovery on New Year's Day 1472, is a small volcanic island covering 18 square kilometers (7 sq. mi.). The coastline is abrupt except in the north; the principal volcanic cone contains a small lake. Most of the estimated 1,900 inhabitants are fisherman specializing in traditional, smallscale tuna fishing and whaling. The climate is tropical--heavy rainfall, high humidity, and frequent seasonal changes with violent windstorms.

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon.

Contents

Boundaries

Equatorial Guinea's land boundaries total 539 km. It borders Cameroon (189 km) in the north and Gabon (350 km) in the east and south.

Maritime claims:

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate

Always hot, humid

Terrain

Coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic

Irrigated land: NA km²

Natural hazards: violent windstorms, flash floods

Environment - current issues: tap water is not potable; desertification

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: insular and continental regions rather widely separated

See also

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