Galesburg, Illinois

From Academic Kids

Galesburg is a city located in Knox County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 33,706. It is the county seat of Knox CountyTemplate:GR. Galesburg is home to Knox College, a national four-year liberal arts college.

Contents

Geography

Galesburg is located at 40°57'8" North, 90°22'7" West (40.952292, -90.368545)Template:GR. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.2 km² (17.1 mi²). 43.8 km² (16.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.5 km² (0.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.05% water.

History

Galesburg was founded by George Washington Gale, a minister of the gospel from New York state who dreamed of establishing a manual labor college. A committee from New York purchased 17 acres (69,000 m²) in Knox County in 1835, and the first 25 settlers arrived in 1836. They built cabins in Log City near current Lake Storey, just north of Galesburg.

The city was home to the first anti-slavery society in state of Illinois founded in 1837, and was a stop on the Underground Railroad.

Galesburg was site of one of the Lincoln-Douglas debates, on October 7th, 1858.

Lately the city has been on the decline and suffering high unemployment. Galesburg has been unable to adjust its economy to post-industrial needs. Many factories, such as Maytag, have laid off workers or moved to foreign countries. Currently, the largest private employer is Burlington Northern Santa Fe railroad.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 33,706 people, 13,237 households, and 7,902 families residing in the city. The population density is 770.1/km² (1,994.9/mi²). There are 14,133 housing units at an average density of 322.9/km² (836.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 84.23% White, 10.20% African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.46% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. 5.01% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 13,237 households out of which 26.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% are married couples living together, 12.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% are non-families. 34.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 16.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.24 and the average family size is 2.87.

In the city the population is spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $31,987, and the median income for a family is $41,796. Males have a median income of $31,698 versus $21,388 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,214. 14.7% of the population and 10.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.4% of those under the age of 18 and 6.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Notable natives

External links

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