French and Indian Wars

From Academic Kids

The French and Indian Wars is a name used in the United States for a series of conflicts in North America that represented the actions there that accompanied the European dynastic wars. While some conflicts involved Spanish and Dutch forces, most were between Great Britain, its colonies and Indian allies on one side and those of France, its colonies and Indian allies on the other. The expanding French and British colonies were contending for control of the western or interior territories. Whenever the European countries went to war, there were actions within and by these colonies. The North American wars, and their associated European wars, in sequence, are:

Years of War North American War European War Treaty
1689-1697 King William's War The War of the Grand Alliance
War of the League of Augsburg
Treaty of Ryswick
1702-1713 Queen Anne's War The War of the Spanish Succession Treaty of Utrecht (1713)
1744-1748 King George's War War of Jenkins' Ear
The War of the Austrian Succession
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
1754-1763 The French and Indian War The Seven Years' War Treaty of Paris (1763)

As the wars proceeded the military advantage moved inexorably towards the British side. This was largely a reflection of the greater population and productive capacity of the British colonies compared with those of France. The French were able to largely offset this in the first three conflicts by more effective mobilization of Native American allies, but were finally overwhelmed in the fourth war. Ironically, the overwhelming victory of the British played a role in eventual loss of their American colonies. Without the threat of French invasion, the American colonies saw little need for British military protection and resented British limits on the colonization of the new French territories as stated in the Proclamation of 1763. These pressures contributed to to the American Revolutionary War.

See also:

Further Reading:

nl:Franse en Indiaanse oorlogen ja:北米植民地戦争

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