Film editor

From Academic Kids

A film editor is a person/persons who practices film editing. They splice separate takes into a coherent film. It is not a simple matter of tacking the scene inside the house on after the scene of the man walking up to the front door. In the film industry the editors play a dynamic and creative role.

Typically, the editor follows the screenplay as the guide for establishing the structure of the story and then uses his/her talents to assemble the various shots and takes for greater, clearer artistic effect. There are several editing stages. In the first stage, the editor is supervised by he whom the industry regards as the real artist of the movie, the director, who spells out his or her vision to the editor. Thus, this first rough cut is often called the "director's cut," though not to be confused with the re-edits some directors have made in past decade or two to their films that were, in their view, improperly edited in the final stages by the studio and its producers. After the first stage, the subsequent cuts are supervised by one or more producers, who represent the production company (studio) and its investors. Hence, the final cut is the one that most closely represents what the studio wants from the film and not necessarily what the director wants. Because of this, there have been several conflicts in the past between the director and the studio, sometimes leading to the use of the Alan Smithee credit signifying disownership or the aforementioned "director's cut" re-issues in subsequent years after the original theatrical releases.

Some directors are also the producers of their films, and, with the approval of the funding studio, have a much tighter grip on what makes the final cut than other directors. The most well-known example of a director who lorded over all aspects of his films, with little studio intervention, and worked completely outside of the Hollywood system is Stanley (Film)


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