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Fairfield, Connecticut

From Academic Kids

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Fairfield is a city located in Fairfield County, Connecticut, about five miles southwest of Bridgeport on the Gold Coast of Connecticut. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 57,340.

Fairfield is home to Fairfield University, Sacred Heart University and the headquarters of General Electric and R.C. Bigelow. It considered itself the "dogwood capital of the world" and is the birthplace of people such as Henry Fairfield Osborn, Meg Ryan, and Franco Ventriglia.

Contents

History

In 1639 soon after the Pequot War, Roger Ludlow, a founder of the colony of Connecticut, led a small group of men and a herd of cattle to a place known to the local Paugussett Indians as Unquowa. They established a settlement that was named for the acres of salt marsh that bordered the mainland shore across from Long Island.

Transportation

Fairfield is on U.S. Highway 1 and close to Interstate 95. It has two Metro North railroad stations, "Fairfield" and "Southport".

Geography

The city is on the shore of the Long Island Sound. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 81.1 km² (31.3 mi²). 77.8 km² (30.0 mi²) of it is land and 3.4 km² (1.3 mi² or 4.15%) of it is water.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 57,340 people in the city, organized into 20,397 households and 14,808 families. The population density is 737.2/km² (1,909.3/mi²). There are 21,029 housing units at an average density of 270.4/km² (700.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 95.27% White, 2.04% Asian, 1.09% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 2.34% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 20,397 households out of which 33.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% are married couples living together, 8.5% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% are non-families. 22.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.07.

In the city the population is spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $83,512, and the median income for a family is $100,920. Males have a median income of $69,525 versus $44,837 for females. The per capita income for the city is $43,670. 2.9% of the population and 1.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.8% of those under the age of 18 and 3.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

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