Extremes on Earth

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Extremes on Land


ContinentElevationTemperature (Recorded)
HighestLowestHighestLowest
Africa5,895 metres (19,340 feet)
Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
–156 metres (-512 feet)
Lake Assal, Djibouti
57.7°C (135.9°F)
Al 'Aziziyah, Libya
13 September 1922
-23.9°C (-9.4°F)
Ifrane, Morocco
11 February 1935
America, North6,194 metres (20,320 feet)
Mount McKinley (Denali), Alaska, U.S.A.
–86 metres (-282 feet)
Death Valley, California, U.S.A.
56.7°C (134.0°F)
Death Valley, California, U.S.A.
10 July 1913
-70.0°C (-81.4°F)
Snag, Yukon, Canada
3 February 1947
-66°C (-87°F)
Northice, Greenland
9 January 1954
America, South6,959 metres (22,831 feet)
Aconcagua, Mendoza, Argentina
-40 metres (-131 feet)
Peninsula Valdés, Argentina
48.9°C (120.0°F)
Comodoro Rivadavia, Chubut, Argentina
11 December 1905
-33.0°C (-27.4°F)
Sarmiento, Argentina
1 June 1907
Antarctica4,897 metres (16,066 feet)
Vinson Massif
Sea level14.6°C (58.3°F)
Vanda Station
5 January 1974
-89.2°C (-128.6°F)
Vostok
21 July 1983
Asia8,850 metres (29,035 feet)
Mount Everest, Nepal - Tibet, China
–411 metres (-1,349 feet)
Dead Sea shore, Israel - Jordan
53.9°C (129.0°F)
Tirat Tsvi, Israel
21 June 1942
-69.8°C (-93.6°F)
Verkhoyansk, Siberia, Russia
7 February 1892
Australia2,228 metres (7,310 feet)
Mount Kosciuszko, New South Wales
–12 metres (-52 feet)
Lake Eyre, South Australia
53°C (128°F)
Cloncurry, Queensland
16 January 1889
-23.0°C (-9.4°F)
Charlotte Pass, New South Wales
29 June 1994
Europe5,642 metres (18,506 feet)
Mount Elbrus, Russia
-28 metres (-92 feet)
Caspian Sea shore, Russia - Iran - Turkmenistan - Azerbaijan
50.0°C (122.0°F)
Seville, Sevilla (province), Spain
4 August 1881
-55.0°C (-67.0°F)
Ust-Shchugor, Russia
January (no exact date available)
Oceania4,884 metres (16,023 feet)
Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya), New Guinea
Sea level42°C (108°F)
Tuguegarao, Philippines
29 April 1912

42.4°C (108.3°F)
Awatere Valley and Rangiora, New Zealand
7 February 1973
-21.6°C (-6.88°F)
Ophir, New Zealand
3 July 1995
Bold entries are Earth-wide extremes.


See also List of mountains and Seven Summits.

Subterranea

Deepest Cave1,700 metres (5,610 feet)
Voronya Cave, Arabika Massif, West Caucasus, Abkhazia region
Deepest pitch (single vertical drop)603 metres
Vrtoglavica Cave, Slovenia

See also List of caves.

Greatest Oceanic Depths

Atlantic Ocean8,648 metres (28,374 feet)
Puerto Rico Trench
Arctic Ocean5,450 metres (17,881 feet)
Eurasia Basin
Indian Ocean7,725 metres (25,344 feet)
Java Trench
Mediterranean Sea
Pacific Ocean10,924 metres (35,840 feet)
Mariana Trench
Southern Ocean
Bold entry is an Earth-wide extreme.



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