Eifel

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Maria_Laach_Lake.JPG
The Laacher See, one of the lakes in the Vulkaneifel

The Eifel is a hilly region in Germany. It occupies parts of southwestern North Rhine-Westphalia and northwestern Rhineland-Palatinate.

The Eifel is bordered by the Moselle River in the south and the Rhine in the east. In the north it is continued by the hills of the High Venn (Hohes Venn), in the west by the Ardennes. (Ardennes and Eifel are actually the same geological region. They are a single volcanic field.)

In the Tertiary the Eifel was a site of extensive volcanic activity. Some of the hills are volcanoes. The lakes of the regions are former volcanic craters (maars). The last eruptions took place around 10 000 years ago. The Eifel is a hotspot volcano. Research has shown that the Mantle_plume is still active; the Eifel region is rising by 1-2mm per year. Historically, the Eifel volcanoes had inactive phases of 10 000 to 20 000 years between active phases, suggesting there is a possibility of future eruptions.

There are several distinct hill chains within the Eifel.

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Eifel_snow.JPG
In winter the Eifel is often covered with snow
  • The northernmost parts are called Ahrgebirge and rise north of the Ahr River in the district of Ahrweiler.
  • South of that river there is the Hohe Eifel ("High Eifel"), with the Hohe Acht (747 m) being the highest mountain of the Eifel.
  • In the west, on the Belgian border, the hills are known as Schneifel (originally Schnee-Eifel, = "Snowy Eifel"), rising up to 698 m.
  • The southern half of the Eifel is less high. They are cut by several rivers running north-south towards the Moselle. The largest of these rivers is the Kyll, and the hills on either side of this river are called the Kyllwald.
  • In the south the Eifel is concluded by the Voreifel above the Moselle.
  • The Nürburg Ring, one of the world's most famous motor racing courses, is located in the Eifel. The northern loop (Nordschleife) of the course is also known as the green hell (Grüne Hölle), because of its long, difficult and dangerous path through the local forest.

Since 2004 about 110 km² of the Eifel are protected as the Eifel National Park.

An interesting archeological feature of the region is the Eifel aqueduct, one of the longest aqueducts of the Roman empire, providing the city of Cologne with water.

External links

de:Eifelfr:Eifelnl:eifel

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