From Academic Kids

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Ciudad_juarez_street.jpg
Misión de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe

Ciudad Juárez (also known simply as Juárez) (2000 population 1,142,354) is a city in Chihuahua, Mexico, across the Rio Grande (Río Bravo) from El Paso, Texas, USA. It is the major port of entry and transportation center of north central Mexico and the fifth largest city in the country. It is a growing industrial center, with numerous maquiladoras (assembly plants).

Juárez was founded as El Paso del Norte ("the Northern Pass") in 1659 by Spanish explorers, seeking a route through the southern Rocky Mountains. The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo established the Rio Grande as the border between Mexico and the United States, separating the settlements on the north bank of the river from the rest of the town. During the French Intervention in Mexico (18621867), El Paso del Norte served as a temporary capital of Benito Juárez's republican forces. In 1888, El Paso del Norte was renamed in honor of Juárez.

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Ciudad Juárez sunset

Juárez again served as a provisional Mexican capital during the initial phase of the Mexican Revolution, when forces loyal to opposition candidate Francisco I. Madero, led by Pancho Villa, seized the city on 20 November 1910. The scene of intense fighting for a decade, Juárez recovered during the United States Prohibition era (1919–1933) as an entertainment center. Juárez continued to attract tourists from the southwest USA during the 1940s and 1950s, with its bars, nightclubs, bullfighting, and shopping.

Juárez has grown substantially in recent decades, and now has extensive areas of slum housing. Juárez has gained further notoriety as a major center of narcotics trafficking, and for several hundred unsolved murders of young women since the early 1990s. As a result, Juárez has declined as a center of tourism, and now functions mostly as a industrial and commercial center.

See also

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Entrance to Ciudad Juarez from South
ca:Ciudad Juárez

de:Ciudad Juárez es:Ciudad Juárez eo:Ciudad Juárez fr:Ciudad Juárez nl:Ciudad Juárez

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