Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

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The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra (BPO) is one of the world's leading orchestras. Its current principal conductor is Simon Rattle.

It was founded in 1882 by a group of 54 musicians who had broken away from an orchestra directed by Benjamin Bilse. In 1887, Hermann Wolff became its manager, and he managed to engage Hans von Blow, one of the most esteemed conductors in the world. From then, the orchestra's star rose rapidly, with Hans Richter, Felix von Weingartner, Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Johannes Brahms and Edvard Grieg all conducting the orchestra over the next few years.

In 1895, Arthur Nikisch became chief conductor. He was succeeded in 1923 by Wilhelm Furtwängler. The orchestra continued to perform throughout World War II, and after it continued with barely a break under the baton of Leo Borchard. When he died, Sergiu Celibidache took over. Furtwängler returned in 1952 until his death in 1954.

His successor was the legendary Herbert von Karajan, who remained with the orchestra until 1989. Under him the orchestra made a vast number of recordings and toured widely. Claudio Abbado became principal conductor after him, expanding the orchestra's repertoire beyond the core classical and romantic works into more modern 20th century works.

In 2002 Simon Rattle, a British conductor noted for his championing of modern music, took over. Under Rattle, the orchestra has broken away from governmental control, and is now fully independent. Its official title is now the Berlin Philharmonic, or Berliner Philharmoniker.

Awards and Recognitions

Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance:

External link

fr:Orchestre philharmonique de Berlin ko:베를리너 필하모니커 ja:ベルリン・フィルハーモニー管弦楽団 nb:Berliner Philharmoniker

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