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Airbus A310

From Academic Kids

Airbus A310

Royal Jordanian A310-300
RoleCivil air transport
Crew2
First Flight1982
ManufacturerAirbus, Toulouse
Dimensions
Length46.66 m153 ft 1 in
Wingspan43.9 m144 ft
Height15.8 m51 ft 10 in
Wing area219 m²2360 ft²
Weights
Empty 80,800 kg
Maximum takeoff164,000 kg
CapacityUp to 220 (2 class)
Up to 280 (1 class)
Freight cap.14 LD3s
Powerplant
EnginesTwo Pratt & Whitney PW4152 or General Electric CF6-80 turbofans
Thrust59,000 lbf262 kN
Performance
Cruising speed mph850 km/h
Maximum speed mph897 km/h
Operating range9600 km5,200 nautical miles
Service ceiling41,000 ft12,500 m
Rate of climb ft/min m/min
Wing loading lb/ft² kg/m²
Thrust/Weight :1

The Airbus A310 is a short to medium range widebody airliner developed from the Airbus A300 and manufactured by Airbus Industrie.

Perhaps the greatest attribute of the A310 is that of range. The A310-300's range exceeds all A300 models and the -200 exceeds all A300 models in range except the A300-600. This quality has led to the aircraft being used extensively on transatlantic routes. The A300 and A310 introduced the concept of commonality which has become one of the Airbus family's greatest marketing points - A300-600 and A310 pilots can qualify for the other aircraft with only one day of training.

Contents

Beginnings

The aircraft was formally launched in July 1978 for Lufthansa and Swissair. A further development of the A300, the aircraft was initially designated the A300 B10. Essentially a "baby" A300, the main differences in the two aircraft are

  • Shortened fuselage - same cross section, providing capacity of about 200.
  • Redesigned wing - designed by British Aerospace who rejoined Airbus consortium
  • Smaller vertical fin

The A310 is marketed as an excellent introduction to widebody operations for developing airlines. With the Airbus A330 now a major success, further orders for the A310 are unlikely. 255 A310s were delivered by Airbus from 1983 to 1997. The A300 and A310 established Airbus as a major competitor to Boeing and allowed it to go ahead with the more ambitious A330/A340 family.

 Biman Airbus A310-300
Enlarge
Biman Airbus A310-300


Models

  • A310-200
    The first A310 was the 162nd Airbus off the production line, the aircraft made its maiden flight in April 1982 powered by Pratt & Whitney JT9Ds. The -200 entered service with Swissair and Lufthansa a year later.
  • A310-300
    First flown in July 1985, the -300 has an increased MTOW and an increase in range, provided by additional centre and horizontal stabilizer (trim-tank) fuel tanks. This model also introduced winglets to improve aerodynamic efficiency - since retrofitted to some -200s. The aircraft entered service in 1986, again with Swissair.
  • A310-C
    The convertible model can be produced from either model, taking the designations A310-200C and -300C.
  • A310-F
    No production freighters were produced, operators (e.g. FedEx) instead adapting ex-airline A310s.
  • A310 MRTT
    The A310 has long been operated by many of the world's airforces as a pure transport, however some are now being converted to the Multi Role Tanker Transport configuration by EADS, providing an aerial refueling capability. Six have been ordered; four by the German Luftwaffe and two by the Canadian Forces. Deliveries began in 2004. Three are being converted at EADS' Elbe Flugzeugwerke (EFW) in Dresden, Germany; the other three at Lufthansa Technik in Hamburg, Germany.

Accident summary

Template:Commons

  • Hull-loss Accidents: 6 with a total of 518 fatalities
  • Hijackings: 10 with a total of 5 fatalities
  • Rudder: Partially fell off a Air Transat flight

See also

Related content
Related Development

Airbus Beluga

Similar Aircraft

Boeing 767 - Ilyushin Il-86

Designation Series

A300 - A310 - A318 - A319 - A320 - A321 - A330 - A340 - A350 - A380

Related Lists

List of airliners - List of civil aircraft

External links


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

de:Airbus A310

es:Airbus A310 fr:Airbus A310 nl:Airbus A310 no:Airbus A310 ja:エアバスA310

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