Adolfo Suárez González

Prime Minister of the Spanish government<p>

Tenure July 5, 1976 to February 25, 1981
Preceded by Carlos Arias Navarro
Succeeded by Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo
Date of birth September 25 1932
Place of birth Cebreros, Ávila province
First Lady Amparo Illana Elórtegui
Party Union of Democratic Center (UCD)

Adolfo Suárez González (born September 25, 1932) Spanish politician and Prime Minister of the Spanish government. Born in Cebreros, Ávila province, Suárez became Spain's first democratically elected Prime Minister of the Spanish Government after the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco. He studied Law at the Complutense University in Madrid and held several government posts during the Francoist regime.

He became the Secretary-general of the National Movement (Movimiento Nacional), that acted as the single party, for 18 years and following the death of Franco in late 1975. For this reason, centrist and leftist supporters opposed his appointment as President of the Government by King Juan Carlos I in July 1976. Suárez, as a nationalist, was chosen by the monarch to lead the country towards a democratic, parliamentary monarchy without annoying the powerful conservative factions (especially the military) in the country. Surprising many observers and political opponents, Suárez introduced Political Reform in 1976 as a first, decisive step in the Transition (Transición) to democracy.

In 1977 he led the Democratic Centre Union (Unión de Centro Democrático, UCD) to victory in Spain's first free elections in 41 years, and became the first democratically elected Prime Minister after the Franco regime.

His centrist government instituted democratic reforms, and his coalition again won the 1979 elections under the new constitution. Less successful as a day-to-day organizer than as a crisis manager, he was replaced as premier in 1981. In 1982 he founded Democratic and Social Center (Centro Democrático y Social, CDS) party, which never achieved the success of UCD. He retired from active politics in 1991, for political party and family reasons.

Suárez won the "Príncipe de Asturias a la Concordia" award in September 1996, in recognition of his important personal contribution to Spanish democracy. The King of Spain made him Duke of Ávila.


Both his wife, Amparo Illana Elórtegui, and elder daughter, Marian Suárez Illana, suffered and died from cancers (in 2001 and 2004, respectively). Another daughter, Sonsoles Suárez Illana, became a TV news anchor for Antena 3. Son Adolfo Suárez Illana was chosen by José María Aznar as the People's Party (PP) candidate for the post of president of the Autonomous Community of Castilla-La Mancha, but lost against incumbent José Bono, of the Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE). Suárez has two more siblings, Laura and Javier.


On May 31 2005, his son, Adolfo Suarez Illana announced on television that his father suffered of alzheimer or a similar illness which caused that he could not remember his period as prime minister of Spain. This announcement was made so speculations about his health were put at an end.

See also

Preceded by:
Carlos Arias Navarro
Prime Minister of Spain
Followed by:
Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo
de:Adolfo Suárez

eo:Adolfo SUÁREZ es:Adolfo Suárez González

fr:Adolfo Suárez


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