Aditya

From Academic Kids

In Hinduism, the Adityas are a group of solar deities, sons of Aditi and Kasyapa. In the Rigveda, they are seven deities of the heavens, chief of these being Varuna, followed by Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Daksha, and Ansa, the seventh Aditya was probably the Sun, Surya or Savitar. As a class of gods, the Rigvedic Adityas were distinct from the Vishvedevas. In the Yajurveda (TS), their number is given as eight. In the Brahmanas, their number is expanded to twelve, corresponding to the twelve months:

  1. Ansa
  2. Aryman
  3. Bhaga
  4. Daksha
  5. Dhatri
  6. Indra
  7. Mitra
  8. Ravi
  9. Savitri
  10. Surya
  11. Varuna
  12. Yama

Aditya in the (Chāndogya-Upanishad) is also a name of Vishnu, in his Vamana (dwarf) Avatar.

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