From Academic Kids

Chinese language romanization

Mandarin

For Standard Mandarin

Cantonese

For Standard Cantonese

Min Nan

For Hainanese

For Teochew

For Taiwanese

Hakka

For Meixian dialect

The École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO) is a French institute dedicated to the study of Asian societies. It was founded in 1800 to study the civilization of Ho Chi Minh City (then Saigon) in what was then French Indochina. Its headquarters are now in Paris. Its main fields of research are archaeology and the study of modern Asian societies.

EFEO romanization system

During the 19th century, a romanization system for Mandarin was developed by the EFEO. It shares a few similarities with Wade-Giles and Hanyu Pinyin. In modern times, it has been superseded by Hanyu Pinyin.

The differences between the three romanization systems are shown in the following table:

IPA EFEO WG Pinyin
p p p b
p' p' p
t t t d
t' t' t
k k k g
k' k' k
ts ts ts z
tsʰ ts' ts' c
tch ch zh
tʂʰ tch' ch' ch
k/ts ch j
tɕʰ k'/ts' ch' q
ɕ s/h hs x
w ou/w w w
j i/y y y
ɤ ö/é o/ê e
ər eul êrh er
eu û i
i e ih i
y u ü ü/u
u ou u u
ən en ên en
ɤŋ eng êng eng
ie ieh ie
iɤʊ ieou/iou iu iu
iɛn ien ien ian
uo ouo o/uo o/uo
uaɪ ouai uai uai
ueɪ ouei ui ui
uan ouan uan uan
uən ouen un un
iue üeh üe/ue
yɛn iuen üan üan/uan
yn iun ün ün/un
yʊŋ ioung iung iong

External links

Template:IPA notice

de:Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient

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