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Vladimir Monomakh

From Academic Kids

Vladimir Monomakh (Russian: Владимир Мономах; Christian name Vasiliy, or Basil) (1053 -- May 19, 1125) was undoubtedly the best loved prince of Kievan Rus. He was the son of Vsevolod I by an anonymous daughter of Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos, from whom he takes his nickname of Monomakh ("One who fights alone").

In his famous Instruction to his own children, Monomakh mentions that he conducted 83 military campaigns and 19 times made peace with the Polovtsi. At first he waged war against the steppe jointly with his cousin Oleg of Chernigov, but after Vladimir was sent by his father to rule Chernigov and Oleg made peace with the Polovtsi to retake that city from him, they parted company. Since that time, Vladimir and Oleg were bitter enemies who would often engage in internecine wars. The enmity continued among their children and more distant posterity.

Missing image
Monomakh's_hunting.jpg
Monomakh's rest after the hunting.

From 1094, his chief patrimony was the Southern town of Pereyaslav, although he also controlled Rostov, Suzdal, and other Northern provinces. In these lands he founded several towns, notably his namesake, Vladimir, the future capital of Russia. In order to unite Russian princes in their struggle against the Great Steppe, Vladimir initiated three princely congresses, the most important being held at Lyubech in 1097 and Dolobsk in 1103.

When Sviatopolk II died in 1113, the Kievan populace revolted and summoned Vladimir to the capital. The same year he entered Kiev to the great delight of crowd and reigned there until his death in 1125. As may be seen from his Instruction, he promulgated a number of reforms in order to allay the social tensions in the capital. These years saw the last flowering of Kievan Rus, which was torn apart 10 years after his death.

Vladimir was married three times: firstly to Gytha of Wessex, then to a Byzantine noblewoman and finally to a daughter of Kypchak khan. By his first marriage he had Mstislav, his illustrious heir. Among the children by second wife were Yury Dolgoruky, the founder of Moscow, and two daughters: Eufemia who married King Coloman of Hungary and Maria, married to the Byzantine pretender who called himself Leon Diogenes. Vladimir's only sister Praxedis is notorious for her divorce with Emperor Henry IV on the ground that he had attempted a black mass on her naked body.

Vladimir Monomakh is buried in the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev. Succeeding generations often referred to his reign as the golden age of that city. Numerous legends are connected with Monomakh's name, including the transfer from Constantinople to Rus of such precious relics as Our Lady of Vladimir and the Muscovite crown called Monomakh's Cap.

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Preceded by:Rulers of Kievan RusSucceeded by:
Sviatopolk IIMstislav

Template:Livedde:Wladimir Wsewolodowitsch Monomach fr:Vladimir II Monomaque it:Vladimir II di Kiev ru:Владимир Мономах uk:Володимир Мономах

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