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Viswanathan Anand

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Vishy Anand
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Vishy Anand
Viswanathan Anand (pronounced Vis'wah'nəh'thən Ah'nənd) (born December 11, 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster. In the April 2005 FIDE Elo rating list, Anand has a rating of 2785, making him number two in the world (behind Garry Kasparov).
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Chess career

Anand's rise in the Indian chess world has been meteoric. National level success came early for him when he won the National Sub-Junior Chess Championship with a score of 9/9 in 1983 at the age of fourteen. He became the youngest Indian to win the International Master's Title at the age of fifteen, in 1984. At the age of sixteen he became the National Champion and won that title two more times. He played games at blitz speed, earling him the nickname "Lightning Kid" ("Blitz chess" is known in India as "Lightning chess"). In 1987, he became the first Indian to win the World Junior Chess Championship. At eighteen, he became India's First Grandmaster.

"Vishy", as he is sometimes called, burst upon the upper echelons of the chess scene in the early 1990s, winning such prestigious tournaments as the Reggio Emilla 1991 (ahead of Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov, who were then in peak form). Playing at such a high level did not slow him down, and he continued to play games at blitz speed.

Anand qualified for Professional Chess Association World Chess Championship final by winning the candidates matches against Michael Adams and Gata Kamsky. In 1995, he played the final against Kasparov in New York City's World Trade Center. After an opening run of eight draws (a record for the opening of a world championship match), Anand won game nine but then lost four of the next five. He lost the match 10.5 - 7.5.

Anand has played numerous Advanced Chess tournaments after Garry Kasparov introduced this form of chess in 1998. Anand won three consecutive Advanced Chess tournaments in Leon, Spain, and is widely recognized as the world's best Advanced Chess player.

World Chess Champion

After several near misses, Anand finally won the FIDE World Chess Championship in 2000 after defeating Alexei Shirov 3.5 - 0.5 in the final match held at Teheran, thereby becoming the first Indian to win that title.

World Rapid Chess Champion

In October 2003, the governing body of chess, FIDE, organized a rapid time control tournament in Cap d'Agde and billed it as the World Rapid Chess Championship. Each player had 25 minutes at the start of the game, with an additional 10 seconds after each move. Anand won this event ahead of ten of the other top twelve players in the world with Kasparov being the only missing player.

His recent tournament successes include the prestigious Corus chess tournament in years 2003 and 2004, Dortmund in 2004. He has won the annually held Monaco Amber Blindfold and Rapid Chess Championships in years 1994, 1997, 2003 and 2005.

Anand enjoys celebrity status in his home country akin to that of top cricket players. He has been among the top five rated chess players for a decade now, and in the top three for most of that time.

He has been the strongest non-Russian player since Bobby Fischer, although recently Pter Lk has rivalled him. Anand has won the prestigious Chess Oscar 4 times (1997, 1998, 2003 and 2004), one better than Fischer's 3.

His game collection, My Best Games of Chess, was published in the year 1998 and was updated in 2001.

Chess titles

  • 1983 National Sub-Junior Chess Champion - age 14
  • 1984 International Master - age 15
  • 1985 Indian National Champion - age 16
  • 1987 World Junior Chess Champion, Grandmaster
  • 2000 FIDE World Chess Champion
  • 2003 FIDE World Rapid Chess Champion

Awards

Anand has received many awards.

Further reading

  • Viswanathan Anand, My Best Games of Chess (Gambit, 2001 (new edition))
Preceded by:
Alexander Khalifman
FIDE World Chess Champion
2000–2002
Followed by:
Ruslan Ponomariov


External links

es:Viswanathan Anand fr:Viswanathan Anand he:ויסוואנתן אנאנד it:Viswanathan Anand kn:ವಿಶ್ವನಾಥನ್ ಆನ೦ದ್ nl:Viswanathan Anand pl:Viswanathan Anand pt:Viswanathan Anand ru:Ананд, Вишванатан fi:Anand Viswanathan

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