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Tigellinus

From Academic Kids

Gaius Ophonius Tigellinus, also known as Sophonius Tigellinus, was a minister and favourite of the emperor Nero. He was a native of Agrigentum, of humble origin and possibly of Greek descent.

During the reign of Caligula he was banished (AD 39) for adultery with the emperor's sisters, but recalled by Claudius (41).

Having inherited a fortune, he bought land in Apulia and Calabria and devoted himself to breeding race-horses. In this manner he gained the favour of Nero, whom he aided and abetted in his vices and cruelties. In 62 he was promoted to the prefecture of the praetorian guards. In 64 he made himself notorious for the orgies arranged by him in the Basin of Agrippa, and was suspected of incendiarism in connection with the great fire, which, after having subsided, broke out afresh in his Aemilian gardens.

Tigellinus was a terrible influence on Nero, who only encouraged his excesses rather than trying to curb them. Nero's life turned into little else but a series of excesses in sport, music, orgies and murder. Advising Nero for nearly a decade, Tigellinusí influence was so substantial that it is said to have turned Nero into a despot like his uncle Caligula.

In 65, during the investigation into the abortive conspiracy of Piso, he and Poppaea formed a kind of imperial privy council. In 67 he accompanied Nero on his tour in Greece. When the emperor's downfall appeared imminent, Tigellinus deserted him, and with Nymphidius Sabinus brought about the defection of the praetorians. Under Galba he was obliged to give up his command, but managed to save his life by lavishing presents upon Vinius, the favourite of Galba, and his daughter. Otho on his accession (69) determined to remove one so universally detested by the people. While in the baths at Sinuessa, Tigellinus received the news that he must die, and, having vainly endeavoured to gain a respite, cut his throat.de:Tigellinus

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