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Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

From Academic Kids

Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, KG, GCMG, CH, MC, PC, JP, DL (born June 6, 1919), was British Foreign Secretary (19791982) and Secretary-General of NATO (19841988). His family surname and life peerage are both spelt Carington (single "r"), whilst the hereditary peerage is Baron Carrington (double "r").

He was educated at Eton and RMA Sandhurst, he served as a major in the Grenadier Guards in the Second World War. He married Iona McClean on 25 April, 1942.

He had an unbroken run of consecutive government positions for over 30 years, serving as Parliamentary Secretary for Ministry for Agriculture and Food from November 1951, then for the Ministry of Defence from October 1954 to October 1956. He was High Commissioner to Australia from then until October 1959, First Lord of the Admiralty until October 1963, then Leader of the House of Lords for a year until October 1964, when the Conservatives fell from power, becoming Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords until 1970 and again from 1974 until 1979. He served as Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1972 to 1974.

He was Defence Secretary, and then, for about two months from January to March 1974, Secretary of State for Energy. In 1979 he was made Foreign Secretary as part of the first Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher. He chaired the Lancaster House conference in 1979, a wrapup of Zimbabwe's revolutionary war attended by Ian Smith, Abel Muzorewa, Robert Mugabe, Joshua Nkomo, Herbert Chitepo, Josiah Tongogara that paved the way for second elections in February, 1980. He was Foreign Secretary in 1982 when the Falkland Islands were invaded by Argentina, over which he resigned.

He was Secretary-General of NATO from 1983 to 1988. He was made Chancellor of the University of Reading in 1992, and has served as chairman of several companies, including Christie's, and as a director of many others, including Barclays Bank and Schweppes. He was made a life peer in 1999 so that he could continue to sit in the House of Lords. His life peerage title is Baron Carington of Upton (with one "r"). There is also significant evidence (http://www.crystalinks.com/bilderberg.html) that he is the current Chairman of the secretive Bilderberg group.


Preceded by:
The Earl of Selkirk
First Lord of the Admiralty
1959–1963
Succeeded by:
The Earl Jellicoe
Preceded by:
Minister without Portfolio
1963–1964
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
The Viscount Hailsham
Leader of the House of Lords
1963–1964
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Longford
Preceded by:
Denis Healey
Secretary of State for Defence
1970–1974
Succeeded by:
Ian Gilmour
Preceded by:
New Office
Secretary of State for Energy
1974
Succeeded by:
Eric Varley
Preceded by:
David Owen
Foreign Secretary
1979–1982
Succeeded by:
Francis Pym

Template:End box

Preceded by:
Rupert Carington
Baron Carrington
Succeeded by:
Current Incumbent

Template:End box

External link

  • Burke's Peerage entry (http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/Contents/book/UK/FHP/Peerage/fhp-CARRINGTON.asp?&string1=carrington).
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