Optometry

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(Redirected from Optometrist)

Optometrists are primary care practitioners for vision and ocular health concerns. They are trained to diagnose, manage, and treat a multitude of visual and ocular health-related concerns, including, but not limited to, fitting and prescribing spectacles and contact lenses, treating minor ocular injuries, diagnosing and treating diseases such as glaucoma and diagnosing others such as diabetic retinopathy. In Oklahoma, optometrists have succesfully lobbied for legislative rights to perform certain laser procedures.

The three "O"s in eyecare are: opticians, optometrists, and ophthalmologists. The word optometrist comes from the Greek roots, optos, meaning seen or visible and metria, meaning measurement. An optometrist means "one who measures vision."

In the United States, ophthalmologist and optometrist are specific terms referring to specific state licensing and courses of professional study. Optometrists receive the Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree, and some go on to complete residencies. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors (MD or DO) who have completed medical school followed by a 3-4 year residency in ophthalmology and have received board certification. Some ophthalmologists perform an additional fellowship in a specific subspecialty of ophthalmology. The American Optometric Association characterizes optometrists as "primary eye care providers." Ophthalmogists may perform surgery while optometrists do not. Recently, changes in some states' laws have led to an overlap in the capabilities of the two professions to treat eye disease with pharmacological agents.

Oculist is an old word for eye doctor, and can refer to either kind of practitioner.

Contents

Sub-specialities

Schools of Optometry

North America

There are 19 educational institutions across North America that offer doctorate level programs in optometry. The programs generally have an undergraduate degree as a prerequisite, and then run four years addressing academic and clinical topics.

Australia

There are 3 Australian educational institutions offering degrees in optometry:

See also

External links

es:Optometría nl:Optometrie

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