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London Borough of Enfield

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London Borough of Enfield
Missing image
LondonEnfield.png
Enfield


Shown within Greater London
Geography
Status:London borough
Area:
- Total
Ranked 261st
82.20 km²
ONS code:00AK
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2003 est.)
- Density
Ranked 25th
280,349
3,411 / km²
Ethnicity:77.1% White
7.8% S.Asian
10.5% Afro-Carib.
Politics
Arms of Enfield London Borough Council
Enfield London Borough Council
http://www.enfield.gov.uk/
Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
Executive:Conservative
MPs:David Burrowes, Andrew Love, Joan Ryan
London Assembly:
- Member
Enfield and Haringey
- Joanne McCartney


The London Borough of Enfield is the most northerly London borough. The current borough was formed by the amalgamation of the old borough of Enfield with those of Southgate and Edmonton. The armorial bearings of these three boroughs were also merged. Enfield was once a small market town on the edge of the forest about a day's travel north of London. But as Greater London has grown, Enfield has become a residential suburb with fast transport links into central London. The creature on the shield of the Enfield coat of arms is known in heraldry as an "Enfield", and is used extensively as a logo representing Enfield, particularly by the borough council. Middlesex University has three campuses in Enfield (Enfield, Cat Hill and Trent Park campus).

History

In Roman times, Enfield was connected to Londinium by Ermine Street, the great Roman road which stretched all the way up to York. Artefacts found in the early 1900s reveal that there were Roman settlements in the areas that are now Edmonton and Bush Hill Park.

In 790 King Offa was recorded as giving the lands of Edmonton to St Albans Abbey. The area became strategically important as East Anglia was taken over by the Danes. In the 790s strongholds were built by men loyal to King Alfred the Great, in order to keep the Danes to the south of the River Lea.

After the Norman Conquest, both Enfield and Edmonton are mentioned in the Domesday Book. Both have churches, and Enfield has 400 inhabitants, Edmonton 300. Enfield is also described as having a "parc".

This parc—a heavily forested area for hunting—was key to Enfield's existence in the Middle Ages. Wealthy Londoners came to Enfield first to hunt, and then to build houses in the pleasant surroundings. In 1303, Edward I of England granted Enfield a charter to hold a weekly market, which has continued up to this day.

The Barclays Bank in Enfield was the first place in the world to have an ATM.

Enfield has a history of armaments manufacture—see Royal Ordnance. For example, the Lee-Enfield .303 rifle was standard issue for the British Army for many years.

Enfield includes the areas:

The current borough came into existence in 1965, and was formed from the Middlesex boroughs of Enfield, Southgate, and Edmonton.


Greater London | London Flag of England

London boroughs : Barking and Dagenham | Barnet | Bexley | Brent | Bromley | Camden | City of London | Croydon | Ealing | Enfield | Greenwich | Hackney | Hammersmith and Fulham | Haringey | Harrow | Havering | Hillingdon | Hounslow | Islington | Kensington and Chelsea | Kingston | Lambeth | Lewisham | Merton | Newham | Redbridge | Richmond | Southwark | Sutton | Tower Hamlets | Waltham Forest | Wandsworth | Westminster

Greater London Authority | London Assembly | Mayor of London

de:Enfield

no:Enfield (distrikt) ro:Burgul londonez Enfield

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