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Legislative Council

From Academic Kids

A Legislative Council in British constitutional thought is the second-to-top tier of a government led by a Governor-General, Governor or a Lieutenant-Governor, inferior to an Executive Council and equal to or superior to a Legislative Assembly. Though the Legislative Council should in theory operate as a legislature of a governorate (not necessarily a colony) with either appointed or elected members or both, the separate development of governments in the British Empire and Commonwealth has seen the Councils evolve in to many different forms.

Where the Legislative Council functions purely as a legislature

Where the Legislative Council has assumed extra functions

Usually in this case the Legislative Council functioned as an Upper House or second chamber of a bicameral legislature operating under the Westminster System. The inferior chamber/Lower House is sometimes called the Legislative Assembly, except in the Isle of Man, where it is the House of Keys, and in the Australian states of South Australia and Tasmania, where it is the House of Assembly.

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