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Lake Geneva

From Academic Kids

For other uses, see Lake Geneva (disambiguation).
The Jet d'Eau fountain in Lake Geneva in
Enlarge
The Jet d'Eau fountain in Lake Geneva in Geneva

Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman, Le Léman or Lac de Genève, (German: Genfersee) is the second largest freshwater lake in central Europe (after Lake Balaton), divided between France (Haute-Savoie) and Switzerland (cantons of Vaud, Geneva, and Valais).

A great crescent shape of blue water, it is 73 km (45 mi) long, at its widest it is 14 km (8.7 mi) and its maximum depth is 310 m (170 fathoms). It covers approximately 582 km² (225 mi²) of total area. The volume of water is estimated at 88.9 km³ (72,000 acre-feet or 23.5 trillion U.S. gallons or 19.6 trillion imperial gallons) with a catchment area of 7,975 km² (3,079 mi²). The crescent shape is deformed around Yvoire on the southern shore, the lake can thus be divided into the "Grand Lac" to the east and the "Petit Lac" to the west.

Lake Geneva lies on the course of the Rhône River. The river has its source at the Rhone Glacier near the Grimsel Pass to the east of the lake and flows down through the Canton of Valais, entering the lake between Villeneuve and St. Gingolph, before flowing slowly towards its egress at Geneva. Other tributaries are the Drance, L'Aubonne, La Morges, Venoge, and Veveyse.

The shore between Geneva and Lausanne is called La Côte, and between Lausanne and Vevey it is called Lavaux.

Name

Missing image
Joseph_Mallord_William_Turner_013.jpg
J.M.W. Turner: Lake Geneva from Montreux, 1810.

The first recorded name of the lake is Lacus Lemannus from Roman times; it became Lacus Lausonius, Lacus Losanetes and then the Lac de Lausanne in the Middle Ages. Following the rise of Geneva it became Lac de Genève (also translated into English as Lake Geneva). In the 18th century, Lac Léman was revived in French. It's usually called Lac de Genève in Geneva and Lac Léman elsewhere. Certain maps name the lake the Lac d'Ouchy (after the port located on the Lausanne lake shore).

A note on pronunciation (in IPA) —

English: Lake Geneva
French: Lac Léman or Lac de Genève
German: Genfersee
Italian: Lago di Ginevra .

Cities and places

List of cities and places on Lake Geneva
Starting from the entry of Rhone River on the east end, with the southern shore to the left.
Southern shore Northern shore
Grand Lac
Petit Lac
See also: List of lakes in Switzerland

Template:Commonsda:Genevesøen de:Genfersee als:Genfersee es:Lago Leman eo:Lemano fr:Léman nl:Meer van Genève pl:Jezioro Genewskie pt:Léman

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