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Kaliningrad Oblast

From Academic Kids

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map of Kaliningrad Oblast

Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: Калининградская область), informally called Yantarny kray (Russian:Янтарный Край - meaning Amber land) is an administrative division (oblast) of Russia on the Baltic coast, with no land connection to the rest of Russia: an enclave of the EU. It is the westernmost parcel of land belonging to Russia, separated from the rest of Russia by the Baltic States. Its largest city is Kaliningrad (formerly Knigsberg), which has historical significance as both a major city of Prussia and the capital of the former German province East Prussia, of which the region remains the core remnant.

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 the oblast has been an exclave, being surrounded by other countries: Poland to the south and Lithuania to the east. Since 2004 this isolation is exacerbated by the fact that, unlike Russia, these two countries are members of the European Union and NATO.


Contents

Administrative division

Districts

Kaliningrad Oblast consists of the following districts (Russian: районы):

Cities and towns

Main article: List of cities of Kaliningrad Oblast

The territory also includes the following towns (old names in italics in German, Polish, and Lithuanian):

  • Baltiysk (Pillau, Piława, Piliava)
  • Gvardeisk (Tapiau, Tapiawa, Tepliava)
  • Znamensk (Wehlau, Welawa, Vėluva)
  • Slavsk (Heinrichswalde, Jedrzychowo, Gastos)
  • Chernyakhovsk (Insterburg, Wystruć, Įsrutis)
  • Gusev (Gumbinnen, Gąbin, Gumbinė)
  • Sovetsk (Tilsit, Tylża, Tilžė)
  • Mamonovo (Heiligenbeil, Święta Siekierka, Šventapilis)
  • Bagrationovsk (Preuisch Eylau, Iława Pruska, Yluva/Prūsų Ylava)
  • Druzhba (Allenburg, Alembork, Alna/Alenburgas)
  • Zheleznodorozhny (Gerdauen, Gierdawy, Girdava )
  • Primorsk (Fischhausen, Rybaki, Žuvininkai/Skanavikas)
  • Ozyorsk (Darkehmen/Angerapp, Darkiejmy, Darkiemis)
  • Krasnolesye (Gro Rominten/Hardteck, Rominty, Raminta)
  • Yasnaya Polyana (Trakehnen, Trakenach, Trakėnai)
  • Krasnoznamensk (Lasdehnen/Haselberg, Lazdėnai)
  • Kalinino (Mehlkehmen/Birkenmhle, Mehlkehmen, Mielkiemis)
  • Chekhovo (Uderwangen, Udravangis)
  • Dobrovolsk (Pillkallen/Schloberg, Pilkalnis)
  • Kamenskoe (Saalau, Żuława, Želvai)
  • Krylovo (Nordenburg, Nordenburg, Nordenburgas/Ašvėnai)
  • Mayovka (Georgenburg, Sparge, Jurbarkas/Spargė)
  • Neman (Ragnit, Ragneta, Ragainė)
  • Nesterov (Stallupnen/Ebenrode, Stołupiany, Stalupėnai)
  • Polessk (Labiau, Labiawa, Labguva)
  • Pravdinsk (Friedland, Frydląd, Frydlandas/Romuva)
  • Ushakovo (Brandenburg, Pokarmin, Pokarviai)

External links

  • Official site (http://www.gov.kaliningrad.ru/en_intro.php3)
  • Recent photos (http://www.euronet.nl/~jlemmens/trakehnen.html) taken by Joost Lemmens of the Netherlands shows examples of small towns neglected under the Soviet Union around Kaliningrad Oblast. This site gives the Prussian German town names and the corresponding Russian names after 1945/49. It starts out with the gate of the horse breeding stables in Trakehnen, and hopeful signs of new beginnings for this devastated land.
  • Kaliningrad oblast Town of Tilsit (now Sovetsk) website in English (http://www.tilsit.com)

Template:Russian federal subjectscs:Kaliningradsk oblast de:Oblast Kaliningrad et:Kaliningradi oblast eo:Provinco Kaliningrado fr:Oblast de Kaliningrad ko:칼리닌그라드 주 lt:Kaliningrado sritis nl:Oblast Kaliningrad nds:Kaliningrader Oblast hu:Kalinyingrdi Terlet ja:カリーニングラード州 no:Kaliningrad oblast pl:Obwd kaliningradzki pt:Kaliningrad ru:Калининградская область

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