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Subdivisions of Russia

From Academic Kids

Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions.

Contents

Federal subjects

Main article: Federal subjects of Russia

Russia is a federation which consists of 89 subjects (Russian: субъе́кт(ы); English transliteration: subyekt(y)). These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation - 2 delegates each - in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). However, they do differ in the degree of autonomy they enjoy.

Federal districts

Main article: Federal districts of Russia

All of the subjects are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, sing. федера́льный о́круг; English transliteration: federalnyye okruga, sing. federalny okrug), each administered by a governor appointed by the president of the federation.

Economic regions

Main article: Economic regions of Russia

For economic and statistical purposes the federal subjects are also grouped into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономи́ческие райо́ны, sing. экономи́ческий райо́н; English transliteration: ekonomicheskiye rayony, sing. ekonomichesky rayon).

Lower level subdivisions

The federal subjects are further subdivided (level 2):

  • Districts (Russian: райо́н(ы); English transliteration: rayon(y)). This is somewhat similar to the counties of the United States.
  • Cities/towns (Russian: города́, sing.: го́род; English transliteration: goroda, sing: gorod) and urban settlements (Russian: посёлки городско́го ти́па, sing.: посёлок городско́го ти́па; English transliteration: posyolki gorodskogo tipa, sing.: posyolok gorodskogo tipa) under the jurisdiction of the federal subject.
  • Autonomous districts (Russian: автоно́мные округа́, sing.: автоно́мный о́круг; English transliteration: avtonomnyye okruga, sing.: avtonomny okrug) under the jurisdiction of the federal subject (even though they are considered subdivisions of the lower level, they have a status of federal subjects themselves).

Level 3 subdivisions include:

  • Selsovets (Russian: сельсове́т(ы); English transliteration: selsovet(y)) (rural councils).
  • Towns and urban/rural settlements under the jurisdiction of the district.
  • City/town districts.
  • Urban settlements districts.

Translation

Settlements

Russian Russian transliterated English Time
Город Gorod City
Федеральный город (город федерального значения) Federalny Gorod Federal City
Посёлок Posyolok Settlement
Посёлок городского типа Posyolok gorodskogo tipa Urban-type settlement
Рабочий посёлок Rabochy posyolok Workers settlement
Курортный посёлок Kurortny posyolok Resort settlement
Дачный посёлок Dachny posyolok Dacha settlement


Territorial administrative units

Russian Russian transliterated English Time
Губерния Guberniya Governorate historic
Край Krai Territory (Region)
Область Oblast Province
Автономная область Avtonomnaya oblast Autonomous province
Округ Okrug District
Автономный округ Avtonomny okrug Autonomous district
Федеральный округ Federalny okrug Federal district
Сельский округ Selsky okrug Rural district
Voyenny okrug Military district
Район Raion/Rayon Region (District, Britannica:Sector)
Внутригородской район Vnutrigorodskoy rayon City district
Ekonomichesky rayon Economic region
Natsionalny rayon National district
Республика Respublika Republic
Avtonomnaya respublika Autonomous republic
Совет Soviet Council
Selsoviet Rural council, rural district

See also

External links


Administrative subdivisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk² | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Perm¹ | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblasts Jewish
Autonomous districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia² | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia | Nenetsia | Permyakia¹ | Taymyria² | Ust-Orda Buryatia | Yamalia
1. On December 1, 2005, Perm Oblast and Permyakia will be merged to form Perm Krai.

2. On January 1, 2007, Evenkia and Taymyria will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.

Federal districts
Central | Southern | Northwestern | Far East | Siberian | Urals | Privolzhsky (Volga)
de:Politische Gliederung Russlands

et:Venemaa haldusjaotus fr:Sujets fdraux de Russie ja:ロシア連邦の地方区分 pl:Podział terytorialny Rosji pt:Subdivises da Rssia ru:Список субъектов Российской Федерации zh:俄罗斯行政区

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