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Jat Airways

From Academic Kids

Jat Airways is the national carrier of Serbia and Montenegro, former national carrier of Yugoslavia, and the sixteenth-oldest airline in Europe.

Jat Airways logo 2003-
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Jat Airways logo 2003-
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JAT_YU-AND.jpg
Contents

Code Data

  • IATA Code: JU
  • ICAO Code: JAT
  • Callsign: JAT

History

The company was founded on 17 June 1927 as Aeroput. On 1 April 1947 the name was changed to Jugoslovenski Aerotransport (JAT), then to JAT Yugoslav Airlines and finally to Jat Airways in January 2003.

After World War II Jat resumed its network with Douglas DC-3 and Junkers Ju-52 aircraft. Later Douglas DC-6 s were bought for long-haul routes, and Convair 330 and Convair 440 aircraft for short-haul routes.

In 1963, the first Caravelle jet aircraft joined JAT. In 1969 the first Douglas DC-9 (of 16) arrived and in 1974 the first two Boeing 727-200 aircraft arrived (of 9).

Long-haul routes to North America, Australia and the Far East were flown by Boeing 707s, introduced in 1970. In 1978 a widebody Douglas DC-10 was purchased to succeed the Boeing 707s on the longer-haul routes, although the 707s stayed in service into the 1980s on ad hoc charters and as scheduled-flight replacement aircraft.

JAT Boeing 737-300, in old colours
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JAT Boeing 737-300, in old colours

In 1985 Jat was the first European airline to purchase Boeing 737-300s. These were famous for their new silver livery. During those golden years the company carried 5 million passengers annually and served 80 destinations on five continents (19 domestic, 45 medium haul and 16 long haul routes).

In 1992 the Yugoslavia broke up and Jat stopped all international services because of United Nations sanctions. During that time Jat operated only domestic services, between Belgrade, Podgorica, Tivat, Nis and Pristina. Finally, in 1994, Jat resumed its international services with aircraft that had been repainted with a new livery.

In 1998 Jat ordered 8 Airbus A319s. The original delivery date was June 2000 but this date has been postponed indefinitely. Today, Jat is searching for ways to cancel that order and to purchase Boeing 737 aircraft instead.

The company has plans to restart long-haul operations to North America (New York, Toronto and Chicago) in June 2005 with two Boeing 767 aircraft it plans to lease. It also hopes to replace aircraft for domestic destinations with Embraer 170s or CRJ-700s.

JAT Airways is not party to any alliances or partnerships but does code-share on some routes with Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.

Services

Scheduled destinations: Domestic: Belgrade, Podgorica, Tivat, Nis; International: Amsterdam, Athens, Banja Luka, Basel, Beirut, Berlin, Brussels, Cairo, Copenhagen, Damascus, Dubai, Dsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gothenburg, Hurghada, Istanbul, Kuwait, Larnaka, Ljubljana, London, Malta, Milan, Monastir, Moscow, Munich, Ohrid, Oslo, Paris, Prague, Rome, Sarajevo, Skopje, Stockholm, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Trieste, Tripoli, Tunis, Vienna and Zrich.

Fleet

The Jat Airways fleet consists of the following aircraft:

External links



Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

de:JAT Airways sr:Јат (авио-компанија)

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