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Stockholm

From Academic Kids

Template:Alternateuses

Stockholms stad (Kommun)
Location of Stockholm
See also:Municipalities of Sweden
Coat of arms
Stockholm Coat of Arms
Seat Stockholm
County Stockholm County
Province Uplandia
Sudermannia
Area
     Rank
188 km²
251st of 290
Population
     Rank
761,721 (2004)
1 st of 290
Density 4051.7/km²


Stockholm Template:Audio is the capital and the largest city of Sweden. Administratively, the "City of Stockholm" is a Swedish municipality within Stockholm County.

As a capital, Stockholm is the site of the Government and the Parliament of Sweden. It is also the residence of the head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf.

The Metropolitan Stockholm, or Stor-Stockholm, consists of most of the municipalities in the county, and has a population of 1,704,930 (2005).

Contents

History

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The Old town in Stockholm
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Main article: History of Stockholm

The earliest mention of Stockholm in writing dates from 1252, when it was an important post in the iron trade from the mines in Bergslagen. The first part of the name — stock — means logs, while the last part — holm — means small island. The city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl in order to protect Sweden from invasion from the sea by foreign navies and to stop pillage of the cities such as Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren. The first building at Stockholm was a fortification for the purpose of controlling the traffic between the Baltic Sea and Mälaren.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Stockholm

The city is subdivided into 18 boroughs, which carry responsibility for primary school, social, leisure and cultural services within their respective areas.

Unofficially Stockholm is divided into three major parts: Stockholm City Centre (Innerstaden), South Stockholm (Söderort) and West Stockholm (Västerort). They are in turn divided into smaller parts.

Stockholm City Centre South Stockholm West Stockholm

Geography

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Location of the city, the bay Riddarfjärden, lake Mälaren, and other municipalities of Stockholm County.
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An old map of Stockholm City showing the intricate set of islands

Main article: Geography of Stockholm

The city is situated on fourteen islands and on the banks of the archipelago where Lake Mälaren meets the Baltic Sea, which are joined together by 53 bridges. The city center is virtually situated on the water, in the bay Riddarfjärden. (Coordinates: Template:Coor dm.)


Universities

Main article: Universities in Sweden

Stockholm might be best known for the Nobel Prizes and the prize ceremony held each year, but the city also houses the largest concentration of universities with research and higher education in Sweden.

Culture

Main article: Culture of Stockholm

Apart from being a large city with an active cultural life, Stockholm as a capital also houses many of the national cultural institutions of Sweden, including theatre, opera and museums. There are two UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Stockholm area: the Drottningholm Palace and a large cemetery, Skogskyrkogården, which include some well-known examples of the architecture of Gunnar Asplund. During 1998 Stockholm was designated as the European City of Culture.


Sites of interest

Main article: Tourism in Stockholm

Sports teams

Sporting events are popular, with football and ice hockey being the most popular sports. The city hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics, as well as all but one of the Nordic Games, a winter multi-sport event that predated the Winter Olympics.

The three most popular men's football teams in the Stockholm region are Djurgårdens IF, Hammarby IF and AIK. However, AIK is not based in the municipality of Stockholm but in its northern neighbour Solna. All three clubs have women's teams, although Djurgården's women's elite team is called Djurgården/Älvsjö after a merger with Älvsjö AIK. The clubs also all have ice hockey teams, but currently (2004-2005 season) only Djurgården plays in the highest division, Elitserien (also known as the Swedish Elite League). Hammarby also have a bandy team in the highest league, as well as a handball team.

Notable natives

See also

External links

bg:Стокхолм cs:Stockholm cv:Стокгольм da:Stockholm de:Stockholm et:Stockholm es:Estocolmo eo:Stokholmo fr:Stockholm io:Stockholm ia:Stockholm it:Stoccolma he:שטוקהולם la:Holmia lv:Stokholma lt:Stokholmas hu:Stockholm nl:Stockholm ja:ストックホルム no:Stockholm pl:Sztokholm pt:Estocolmo ro:Stockholm simple:Stockholm sr:Стокхолм fi:Tukholma sv:Stockholm zh:斯德哥尔摩

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