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Intercontinental Cup

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The European/South American Cup, commonly referred to as the Intercontinental Cup, and also known as the World Club Championship or Toyota Cup, was a football competition endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, contested between the winners of the European Champions League and the South American Copa Libertadores in a match played each December at the Yokohama International Stadium, Japan.

From 2005, the Intercontinental Cup has been replaced by the FIFA Club World Championship.

Contents

History

The Intercontinental Cup was created by Henri Delauney as a way of determining who is the top club in the world (Europe and South America being the football world's top continents).

Europe already had its European Champions Club Cup, but South America did not have a similar competition. Thus, South American Confederación (CONMEBOL's predecessor) created a similar competition, and named it after the heroes of South American independence. The Copa Libertadores made the Intercontinental Cup viable.

The first match-up was in 1960, between Spanish side Real Madrid and the Uruguayan club Peñarol.

Ever since the 1950s (and especially since the 1970s) many talented South Americans crossed the Atlantic to play for European teams, who also tend to be richer. Perhaps as a consequence, South American fans have always attached more importance to the Intercontinental Cup than their European counterparts.

European teams often suffered from the eagerness of South American competitors, which could degenerate into aggressive playing. An especially traumatic event was the 1969 series between Estudiantes and Milan, which resulted in extremely harsh suspensions for many Estudiantes players.

Out of concern for the integrity of players, and also because of the lack of financial incentive, several European champions declined to participate; in all cases, their runners-up took their place. The 1975 and 1978 editions were not disputed at all.

The very viability of the competition came under fire until Toyota assumed the role of sponsor for the 1980 edition; for the remainder of the competition's history, no club declined playing the Intercontinental Cup.

Cup Format

From 1960 to 1979, the Intercontinental Cup was played in two legs. Between 1960 and 1968, the cup was decided on points only, the same format used by CONMEBOL to determine the winner of the Copa Libertadores final through 1987. Because of this format, a third match was needed when both teams were tied on points. From 1969 through 1979, the competition adopted the European standard method of aggregate score, with away goals.

Starting in 1980, the final became a single match. Up until 2000, the matches were held at Tokyo's National Stadium. Finals after 2001 were held at the Yokohama International Stadium, venue of the Template:Wc final.

Intercontinental Cup finals

Single match finals

Year Winner Score Runner-up Venue
2004 FC Porto
(POR)
0 - 0
aet
Once Caldas
(COL)
International Stadium,
Yokohama
8-7 in penalty shootout
2003 Boca Juniors
(ARG)
1 - 1
aet
AC Milan
(ITA)
International Stadium,
Yokohama
3-1 in penalty shootout
2002 Real Madrid
(ESP)
2 - 0 Olimpia Asunción
(PAR)
International Stadium,
Yokohama
2001 Bayern Munich
(GER)
1 - 0 Boca Juniors
(ARG)
International Stadium,
Yokohama
2000 Boca Juniors
(ARG)
2 - 1 Real Madrid
(ESP)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1999 Manchester United
(ENG)
1 - 0 Palmeiras
(BRA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1998 Real Madrid
(ESP)
2 - 1 Vasco da Gama
(BRA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1997 Borussia Dortmund
(GER)
2 - 0 Cruzeiro
(BRA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1996 Juventus
(ITA)
1 - 0 River Plate
(ARG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1995 Ajax
(NED)
0 - 0
aet
Grêmio
(BRA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
4-3 in penalty shootout
1994 Vélez Sarsfield
(ARG)
2 - 0 AC Milan
(ITA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1993 São Paulo
(BRA)
3 - 2 AC Milan
(ITA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
European champions Marseille (FRA) were suspended
due to a match fixing and bribery scandal
1992 São Paulo
(BRA)
2 - 1 Barcelona
(ESP)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1991 Red Star Belgrade
(YUG)
3 - 0 Colo-Colo
(CHI)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1990 AC Milan
(ITA)
3 - 0 Olimpia Asunción
(PAR)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1989 AC Milan
(ITA)
1 - 0
aet
Atlético Nacional
(COL)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1988 Nacional Montevideo
(URU)
2 - 2
aet
PSV Eindhoven
(NED)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
7-6 in penalty shootout
1987 FC Porto
(POR)
2 - 1
aet
Peñarol
(URU)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1986 River Plate
(ARG)
1 - 0 Steaua Bucharest
(ROM)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1985 Juventus
(ITA)
2 - 2
aet
Argentinos Juniors
(ARG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
4-2 in penalty shootout
1984 Independiente
(ARG)
1 - 0 Liverpool
(ENG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1983 Grêmio
(BRA)
2 - 1
aet
Hamburger SV
(FRG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1982 Peñarol
(URU)
2 - 0 Aston Villa
(ENG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1981 Flamengo
(BRA)
3 - 0 Liverpool
(ENG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1980 Nacional Montevideo
(URU)
1 - 0 Nottingham Forest
(ENG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo

Two-legged finals

Year Home Team Score Away Team Venue
1979 Malmö FF
(SWE)
0 - 1 Olimpia Asunción
(PAR)
Malmö Stadion,
Malmö
Olimpia Asunción
(PAR)
2 - 1 Malmö FF
(SWE)
Defensores del Chaco,
Asunción
Olimpia Asunción won 3-1 on aggregate
Note: European champions Nottingham Forest (ENG) declined to play
1978 NOT HELD
Liverpool (ENG) vs Boca Juniors (ARG)
Both teams declined to play
1977 Boca Juniors
(ARG)
2 - 2 Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
La Bombonera,
Buenos Aires
Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
0 - 3 Boca Juniors
(ARG)
Wildpark,
Karlsruhe
Boca Juniors won 5-2 on aggregate
Note: European champions Liverpool (ENG) declined to play
1976 Bayern Munich
(FRG)
2 - 0 Cruzeiro
(BRA)
Olympiastadion,
Munich
Cruzeiro
(BRA)
0 - 0 Bayern Munich
(FRG)
Mineirão,
Belo Horizonte
Bayern Munich won 2-0 on aggregate
1975 NOT HELD
Bayern Munich (FRG) vs Independiente (ARG)
Both teams could not agree on dates to play
1974 Independiente
(ARG)
1 - 0 Atlético de Madrid
(ESP)
La Doble Visera,
Avellaneda
Atlético de Madrid
(ESP)
2 - 0 Independiente
(ARG)
Vicente Calderón,
Madrid
Atlético de Madrid won 2-1 on aggregate
Note: European champions Bayern Munich (FRG) declined to play
1973 Juventus
(ITA)
0 - 1 Independiente
(ARG)
Stadio Olimpico,
Rome
Single match played
Note: European champions Ajax (NED) declined to play
1972 Independiente
(ARG)
1 - 1 Ajax
(NED)
La Doble Visera,
Avellaneda
Ajax
(NED)
3 - 0 Independiente
(ARG)
Olympic Stadium,
Amsterdam
Ajax won 4-1 on aggregate
1971 Panathinaikos
(GRE)
1 - 1 Nacional Montevideo
(URU)
Karaiskakis,
Athens
Nacional Montevideo
(URU)
2 - 1 Panathinaikos
(GRE)
Centenario Stadium,
Montevideo
Nacional Montevideo won 3-2 on aggregate
Note: European champions Ajax (NED) declined to play
1970 Estudiantes La Plata
(ARG)
2 - 2 Feyenoord
(NED)
La Bombonera,
Buenos Aires
Feyenoord
(NED)
1 - 0 Estudiantes La Plata
(ARG)
De Kuip,
Rotterdam
Feyenoord won 3-2 on aggregate
1969 AC Milan
(ITA)
3 - 0 Estudiantes La Plata
(ARG)
San Siro,
Milan
Estudiantes La Plata
(ARG)
2 - 1 AC Milan
(ITA)
La Bombonera,
Buenos Aires
AC Milan won 4-2 on aggregate
1968 Estudiantes La Plata
(ARG)
1 - 0 Manchester United
(ENG)
La Bombonera,
Buenos Aires
Manchester United
(ENG)
1 - 1 Estudiantes La Plata
(ARG)
Old Trafford,
Manchester
Estudiantes La Plata won with 3 points
1967 Celtic
(SCO)
1 - 0 Racing Club
(ARG)
Hampden Park,
Glasgow
Racing Club
(ARG)
2 - 1 Celtic
(SCO)
El Cilindro,
Avellaneda
Racing Club
(ARG)
1 - 0 Celtic
(SCO)
Centenario Stadium,
Montevideo
Both teams tied with 2 points each
Racing Club won the decisive playoff match
1966 Peñarol
(URU)
2 - 0 Real Madrid
(ESP)
Centenario Stadium,
Montevideo
Real Madrid
(ESP)
0 - 2 Peñarol
(URU)
Santiago Bernabéu,
Madrid
Peñarol won with 4 points
1965 Inter Milan
(ITA)
3 - 0 Independiente
(ARG)
Giuseppe Meazza,
Milan
Independiente
(ARG)
0 - 0 Inter Milan
(ITA)
La Doble Visera,
Avellaneda
Inter Milan won with 3 points
1964 Independiente
(ARG)
1 - 0 Inter Milan
(ITA)
La Doble Visera,
Avellaneda
Inter Milan
(ITA)
2 - 0 Independiente
(ARG)
Giuseppe Meazza,
Milan
Inter Milan
(ITA)
1 - 0
aet
Independiente
(ARG)
Santiago Bernabéu,
Madrid
Both teams tied with 2 points each
Inter Milan won the decisive playoff match
1963 AC Milan
(ITA)
4 - 2 Santos
(BRA)
San Siro,
Milan
Santos
(BRA)
4 - 2 AC Milan
(ITA)
Maracanã,
Rio de Janeiro
Santos
(BRA)
1 - 0 AC Milan
(ITA)
Maracanã,
Rio de Janeiro
Both teams tied with 2 points each
Santos won the decisive playoff match
1962 Santos
(BRA)
3 - 2 Benfica
(POR)
Maracanã,
Rio de Janeiro
Benfica
(POR)
2 - 5 Santos
(BRA)
Estádio da Luz,
Lisbon
Santos won with 4 points
1961 Benfica
(POR)
1 - 0 Peñarol
(URU)
Estádio da Luz,
Lisbon
Peñarol
(URU)
5 - 0 Benfica
(POR)
Centenario Stadium,
Montevideo
Peñarol
(URU)
2 - 1 Benfica
(POR)
Centenario Stadium,
Montevideo
Both teams tied with 2 points each
Peñarol won the decisive playoff match
1960 Peñarol
(URU)
0 - 0 Real Madrid
(ESP)
Centenario Stadium,
Montevideo
Real Madrid
(ESP)
5 - 1 Peñarol
(URU)
Santiago Bernabéu,
Madrid
Real Madrid won with 3 points

aet - after extra time

Overall Statistics

By Team

Team Cups Years
Boca Juniors3(2003 2000 1977)
AC Milan3(1990 1989 1969)
Missing image
Escudo_ch.jpg


Nacional Montevideo
3(1988 1980 1971)
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF


Peñarol
3(1982 1966 1961)
Real Madrid3(2002 1998 1960)
Missing image
Afcajax.jpg


Ajax
2(1995 1972)
Missing image
200px-Fcbayern.png


Bayern Munich
2(2001 1976)
Missing image
CAIndependienteLogo.GIF


Independiente
2(1984 1973)
Missing image
FC_Internazionale_logo.png


Inter Milan
2(1965 1964)
Juventus2(1996 1985)
FC Porto2(2004 1987)
Missing image
SantosBrazilLogo.GIF


Santos F.C.
2(1963 1962)
Missing image
Sao_Paulo_(Soccer)_Shield.gif


São Paulo
2(1993 1992)
Missing image
C_atletico_de_madrid.gif


Atlético de Madrid
1(1974)
Missing image
Bvbcrest.JPG


Borussia Dortmund
1(1997)
Missing image
Estudiantes_de_La_Plata_logo.png


Estudiantes La Plata
1(1968)
Missing image
Feyenoord.gif


Feyenoord
1(1970)
Missing image
Flamengo_logo_football.png


Flamengo
1(1981)
Missing image
Gremio_foot_ball_porto_alegrense.gif


Grêmio
1(1983)
Manchester United1(1999)
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF


Olimpia Asunción
1(1979)
Missing image
Racing_Club_de_Avellaneda.GIF


Racing Club
1(1967)
Missing image
Crvenazvezda.PNG


Red Star Belgrade
1(1991)
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png


River Plate
1(1986)
Missing image
Sarsfield.GIF


Vélez Sársfield
1(1994)

By countries

Country Teams Cups Years
Argentina69(2003 2000 1994 1986 1984 1977 1973 1968 1967)
Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png


Italy
37(1996 1990 1989 1985 1969 1965 1964)
Brazil46(1993 1992 1983 1981 1963 1962)
Uruguay26(1988 1982 1980 1971 1966 1961)
Spain24(2002 1998 1974 1960)
Germany23(2001 1997 1976)
Netherlands23(1995 1970 1972)
Missing image
Portugal_flag_large.png


Portugal
12(1987 2004)
Paraguay11(1979)
England11(1999)
Missing image
Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia.png


Yugoslavia
11(1991)

By Continent

Continent Teams Countries Cups
Missing image
Copalibertadores.JPG


South America
13422
Europe12721

Coaches

Carlos Bianchi won three editions as coach: one with Vélez Sársfield in 1994, and 2 with Boca Juniors in 2000 and 2003.

Luis Cubilla and Juan Mugica, 2 Uruguayans won cups both as a player and coaching:

Team - Players

  • Alessandro Costacurta participated 5 times of the competition, always with Milan (1989, 1990, 1993, 1994, 2003).
  • Estudiantes (1968, 1969 and 1970) and Independiente (1972, 1973 and 1974) participated 3 consecutive years. Of these teams a few players played the three years, including Carlos Salvador Bilardo and Juan Ramón Verón.

External links

fr:Coupe intercontinentale it:Coppa Intercontinentale nl:Wereldbeker Voetbal ja:トヨタ ヨーロッパ/サウスアメリカ カップ sv:Interkontinentala cupen

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