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Hornell, New York

From Academic Kids

Hornell is a city located in Steuben County, New York, about 56 miles south of Rochester, New York. The city is named after the Hornell family, early settlers. Hornell is nicknamed Maple City after the large maple trees on Main and Broadway streets. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 9,019.

The City of Hornell was incorporated in 1888 as the City of Hornellsville (Having become the Village of Hornellsville in 1852). The name was changed to Hornell in 1906. The city is located within the Town of Hornellsville.

Contents

Geography

Hornell is located at 42°19'28" North, 77°39'37" West (42.324432, -77.660252)Template:GR. Hornell is at an altitude of 1,160 feet above sea level. Hornell is on the Canisteo River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.1 km² (2.7 mi²). 7.1 km² (2.7 mi²) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.

History

What is now Hornell was settled in 1790 under the name Upper Canisteo. The area was incorporated as a town in 1820. Hornell was named after early settler George Hornell, who built the first gristmill here. Hornell was chartered as a city in 1888.

The New York and Erie railroad arrived in Hornell in 1850, which connected New York City and Dunkirk on Lake Erie via a southern tier route. In 1851 another route was added, passing from Hornell northwestward to Buffalo. For the next hundred years Hornell enjoyed prosperity with it steam engine shop doing the repairs for the entire railroad line. Then the railroad came upon hard times as trucking picked up more and more of the freight business. In 1972 the line filed for bankruptcy, and just a few days later, floods from Hurricane Agnes destroyed about 200 miles of roadbed along the Canisteo River, removing all hope of reoganizing the railroad. Hornell has struggled since to regain its former prosperity.

Image:HornellNY1920s.jpg
Main Street, Hornell, in the 1920s

In 1950 Hornell had a population of 15,049 people.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 9,019 people, 3,596 households, and 2,218 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,275.6/km² (3,309.0/mi²). There are 4,100 housing units at an average density of 579.9/km² (1,504.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 95.73% White, 2.38% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 1.29% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 3,596 households out of which 32.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% are married couples living together, 16.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% are non-families. 32.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 3.07.

In the city the population is spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $28,184, and the median income for a family is $35,000. Males have a median income of $31,727 versus $18,854 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,419. 21.4% of the population and 18.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 32.1% of those under the age of 18 and 6.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.


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